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Physical Activity and Obesity Prevention

Chapter
Part of the Issues in Children's and Families' Lives book series (IICL, volume 12)

Abstract

The prevalence of overweight and obesity among children and adolescence has more than tripled in the last three decades (Hedley et al., 2004; Ogden, Flegal, Carroll, & Johnson, 2002; Troiano & Flegal, 1998). The sharp rise in overweight and obesity rates among youth has prompted major public health concerns in recent years (Olshansky et al., 2005). Body mass index (BMI) between the 85th and 95th percentile for age and sex is considered at-risk for overweight, and BMI above the 95th percentile is considered overweight or obese (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2001). Based on this sex-specific BMI for age criteria (see the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention growth charts for all BMI ranges), the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2008) reported that child and adolescent obesity had reached a national high with 17.0 % of youth considered overweight or obese. Moreover, if current trends continue, the prevalence of overweight in children and adolescents has been estimated to increase 1.6-fold to approximately 30 % by the year 2030 (Wang, Beydoun, Liang, Caballero, & Kumanyika, 2008).

Keywords

Sedentary Behavior Physical Education Lesson CBPR Approach Body Mass Index Trajectory General Health Education 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychology, Barnwell CollegeUniversity of South CarolinaColumbiaUSA

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