Advertisement

Education for Sustainable Peace: Practices, Problems and Possibilities

  • Betty A. Reardon
Chapter
Part of the Peace Psychology Book Series book series (PPBS)

Abstract

Reflecting on the development and status of peace education, a field built around the problem of violence, this chapter describes the general social purposes and learning goals of the varied approaches to education for peace. Viewing the field from the perspective of the internationally derived theme problems and pedagogical methods that have characterized the author’s experience and practice, it reviews her interpretation of some of the main characteristics of and problems addressed by the field of peace education (including, but not limited to, conflict studies). The chapter notes that the significant substantive development and growing world-wide practice of peace education has been largely the result of the efforts of individuals, civil society and professional organizations and non – formal networks. It argues that the actual and evident need for peace education calls for greater institutional and systematic teacher preparation for all grade levels and all subject areas. Persuading institutional education authorities to include peace education as a normal part of standard teacher preparation is identified as a major challenge now facing practitioners and advocates of this field so urgently needed in a world with ever increasing incidents and forms of violence.

Keywords

Conflict Resolution Teacher Preparation Social Purpose Citizenship Education Critical Pedagogy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Resource Organizations

  1. Asia Pacific Centre of Education for International Understanding: http://apceiu.org/about/about.php
  2. European Peace University (Stadschlaining): http://www.aspr.ac.at/epu/
  3. Global Action to Prevent War: http://www.globalactionpw.org/
  4. Global Campaign for Peace Education: www.peace-ed-campaign.org
  5. Hague Appeal for Peace: www.haguepeace.org
  6. Hague Appeal for Peace Global Campaign for Peace Education: http://www.haguepeace.org/index.php?action=pe
  7. Hague Appeal for Peace Youth Program: http://youth.haguepeace.org
  8. Human Rights Education Association: http://www.hrea.org/erc
  9. International Institute on Peace Education: www.i-i-p-e.org
  10. Morningside Center for Teaching Social Responsibility: www.morningsidecenter.org
  11. Multimedia Center for teaching about racism, sexism and genocide: http://understandingprejudice.org/multimedia/
  12. National Peace Academy: www.nationalpeaceacademy.us
  13. Northeast Asia Regional Peacebuilding Institute: <matsuikathy@hotmail.com>Google Scholar
  14. Oxfam International: http://www.oxfam.org/en
  15. Peace and Justice Studies Association: http://www.peacejusticestudies.org/
  16. People’s Movement for Human Rights Education: http://www.pdhre.igc.org
  17. United States Institute for Peace Global Peacebuilding Center: http://www.usip.org/about-us/global-peacebuilding-center
  18. University for Peace (Costa Rica): http://www.upeace.org/

References

  1. Brock-Utne, B. (1989). A feminist perspective on peace education. New York: Teachers College Press.Google Scholar
  2. Cabezudo, A. (2002). Learning to abolish war: Teaching toward a culture of peace. New York: Hague Appeal for Peace.Google Scholar
  3. Clark, G., & Sohn, L. (1966). World peace through world law. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Connell, R. W. (2000). The men and the boys. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  5. Fraenkel, J., Carter, P., & Reardon, B. (1976). Peacekeeping. New York: Random House.Google Scholar
  6. Freire, P. (1970). The pedagogy of the oppressed. New York: Herder and Herder.Google Scholar
  7. Hunger Banquet (The Oxfam America Hunger Banquet): http://actfast.oxfamamerica.org/index.php/events/banquet
  8. International Criminal Court. (2005). Rome Statute: http://untreaty.un.org/cod/icc/index.html
  9. Jenkins, A. & Reardon, B. (2007). “Gender and Peace: Toward an Inclusive, Holistic Perspective,” in Galtung, J. and Webel, C. Handbook of Peace and Conflict Studies.Google Scholar
  10. Jenkins, T., & Reardon, B. A. (2008). Gender and peace: Towards a gender inclusive, holistic perspective. In J. Galtung & C. Webel (Eds.), Handbook of peace and conflict studies. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  11. Libresco, A. S., & Balantine, J. (Eds.). (2005). Peace lessons from around the world (electronic). New York: Hague Appeal for Peace.Google Scholar
  12. Nordland, E., & Reardon, B. A. (Eds.). (1994). PEACE; The promise of ecological and cooperative education. Albany: State University of New York.Google Scholar
  13. Raider, E., Coleman, S., & Gerson, J. (2006). Teaching conflict resolution in a workshop. In M. Deutsch, P. Coleman, & E. Marcus (Eds.), The handbook of conflict resolution (2nd ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  14. Reardon, B. A. (1988). Comprehensive peace education. New York: Teachers College Press.Google Scholar
  15. Reardon, B. A. (1997). Tolerance: The threshold of peace: Unit 1 teacher training resource. Paris: UNESCO.Google Scholar
  16. Reardon, B. A. (2001). Education for a culture of peace in a gender perspective. Paris: UNESCO.Google Scholar
  17. Snauwaert, D., & Reardon, B. A. (2011). Reflective pedagogy, cosmopolitanism, and critical peace education for political efficacy: A discussion of Betty A. Reardon’s assessment of the field: http://www.infactispax.org/
  18. UNESCO. (1974). Recommendation concerning education for international understanding, cooperation and peace and education relating to human rights and fundamental freedom: http://www.unesco.org/education/
  19. UNESCO. (1994). Declaration and integrated framework of action on education for peace, human rights democracy: http://www.unesco.org/education/nfsunesco/pdf/REV_74_E.PDF
  20. United Nations. (2000). Millennium development goals: www.un.org.millenniumgoals
  21. United Nations. (2009). The responsibility to protect, a general assembly resolution A/Res/63/308Google Scholar
  22. United Nations CEDAW UN Convention: http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/cedaw/
  23. United Nation Declaration and Programme of Action on a Decade for a Culture of Peace. (2000). A/Res/53/243Google Scholar
  24. United Nations Declaration on the Elimination of all forms of Violence against Women. (2003). (A/Res/57/181)Google Scholar
  25. United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security. (2000). http://www.unfpa.org/women/1325.html
  26. University for Peace. (2011). Peace education, theory and practice. An online course. http://www.upeace.org/news/activity.cfm?id_activity=681&actual=2011

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Betty A. Reardon
    • 1
  1. 1.International Institute on Peace Educationc/o Adelphi UniversityNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations