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Antibody Polyspecificity

What Does It Matter?
  • Jordan D. Dimitrov
  • Anastas D. Pashov
  • Tchavdar L. VassilevEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 750)

Abstract

Polyspecificity (polyreactivity) is currently considered an intrinsic property of a subset of antibodies, primarily of naturally occurring autoantibodies. Polyspecificity is no longer viewed as a biologically irrelevant stickiness. Furthermore, the capacity to bind defined sets of unrelated antigens finds its structural explanation. What is most intriguing, the elucidation of the role of polyspecificity may promote a better understanding of specific recognition as a function of the entire immune system. The early events of immune recognition depend on polyspecific binding. Thus, the completeness of the naïve repertoires of antigen receptors is ensured. The process of immunologically-relevant antigen recognition that is initiated goes beyond simple molecular interaction with the antigenic determinants. It involves cellular cooperation and culminates in antibody response maturation. Recent findings also pave the way for the clinical application of posttranslationally induced polyspecificity.

Keywords

Affinity Maturation Free Heme IVIG Preparation Natural Autoantibody Specific Hydrogen Bond 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Landes Bioscience and Springer Science+Business Media 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jordan D. Dimitrov
    • 1
  • Anastas D. Pashov
    • 2
  • Tchavdar L. Vassilev
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.INSERM UMRS 872ParisFrance
  2. 2.Institute of MicrobiologyBulgarian Academy of SciencesSofiaBulgaria

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