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The Natural Autoantibody Repertoire in Newborns and Adults

A Current Overview
  • Asaf Madi
  • Sharron Bransburg-Zabary
  • Dror Y. Kenett
  • Eshel Ben-Jacob
  • Irun R. CohenEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 750)

Abstract

Antibody networks have been studied in the past based on the connectivity between idiotypes and anti-idiotypes—antibodies that bind one another. Here we call attention to a different network of antibodies, antibodies connected by their reactivities to sets of antigens—the antigen-reactivity network. The recent development of antigen microarray chip technology for detecting global patterns of antibody reactivities makes it possible to study the immune system quantitatively using network analysis tools. Here, we review the analyses of IgM and IgG autoantibody reactivities of sera of mothers and their offspring (umbilical cords) to 300 defined self-antigens; the autoantibody reactivities present in cord blood represent the natural autoimmune repertories with which healthy humans begin life and the mothers’ reactivities reflect the development of the repertoires in healthy young adults. Comparing the cord and maternal reactivities using several analytic tools led to the following conclusions: (1) The IgG repertoires showed a high correlation between each mother and her newborn; the IgM repertoires of all the cords were very similar and each cord differed from its mother’s IgM repertoire. Thus, different humans are born with very similar IgM autoantibodies produced in utero and with unique IgG autoantibodies found in their individual mothers. (2) Autoantibody repertoires appear to be structured into sets of reactivities that are organized into cliques—reactivities to particular antigens are correlated. (3) Autoantibody repertoires are organized as networks of reactivities in which certain key antigen reactivities dominate the network—the dominant antigen reactivities manifest a “causal” relationship to sets of other correlated reactivities. Thus, repertoires of autoantibodies in healthy subjects, the immunological homunculus, are structured in hierarchies of antigen reactivities.

Keywords

Minimal Span Tree Immune Network Antibody Repertoire Antigen Reactivity Autoantibody Reactivity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Landes Bioscience and Springer Science+Business Media 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Asaf Madi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sharron Bransburg-Zabary
    • 1
    • 2
  • Dror Y. Kenett
    • 2
  • Eshel Ben-Jacob
    • 2
    • 3
  • Irun R. Cohen
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Faculty of MedicineTel Aviv UniversityTel AvivIsrael
  2. 2.School of Physics and AstronomyTel Aviv UniversityTel AvivIsrael
  3. 3.The Center for Theoretical and Biological PhysicsUniversity of California San DiegoLa JollaUSA
  4. 4.Department of ImmunologyWeizmann Institute of ScienceRehovotIsrael

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