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Granulocyte Death Regulation by Naturally Occurring Autoantibodies

  • Stephan von Gunten
  • Hans-Uwe Simon
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 750)

Abstract

Programmed cell death (PCD) plays a central role in the regulation of granulocytes that are key effector cells of the innate immune system. Granulocytes are produced in high amounts in the bone marrow. A safe elimination of granulocytes by cell death (apoptosis) is essential to maintain the numbers of these cells balanced. In many acute and chronic inflammatory diseases, delayed apoptosis is one mechanism that contributes to accumulation of neutrophil and eosinophil granulocytes at the site of inflammation. On the other hand, a safe elimination of granulocytes by cell death is required to avoid unwanted tissue damage for instance by secretion of toxic products from these cells. Recent evidence shows that humans produce an array of naturally occurring autoantibodies (NAbs) with the capacity to regulate granulocyte death, including agonistic and antagonistic NAbs that bind to the receptors Fas, Siglec-8, and Siglec-9. Together with other factors, these various NAbs exhibit different properties in terms of the form of cell death they induce, the molecular signaling pathways they engage, as well as the efficacy or potency by which they induce cell death. Moreover, several regulatory mechanisms seem to exist that control their biological activity. Novel insights support the concept of granulocyte death regulation by NAbs, which might have important implications for our understanding of the pathogenesis and treatment of inflammatory diseases, including many autoimmune and allergic disorders.

Keywords

Intravenous Immunoglobulin Allergy Clin Immunol Hypereosinophilic Syndrome Intravenous Immune Globulin Eosinophil Apoptosis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Landes Bioscience and Springer Science+Business Media 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of PharmacologyUniversity of BernBernSwitzerland

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