Alternative Binders to Ordinary Portland Cement for Radwaste Solidification and Stabilization

Chapter

Abstract

It has long been common practice to solidify and stabilize low- and intermediate-level radioactive wastes with calcium silicate cements (ordinary Portland cement, or composite cement). However, the quality of the final product may be noticeably reduced by adverse cement–waste interactions. This article reviews the potential of three kinds of alternative inorganic binders to treat problematic wastes: (1) calcium aluminate and sulphoaluminate cements, (2) magnesium and calcium phosphate cements, and (3) alkali-activated binders. Their setting and hardening process is briefly presented, and their potential for waste conditioning is discussed.

Keywords

Hydrate Silicate Ferrite Sludge Shrinkage 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique et aux Energies AlternativesDEN/MAR/DTCD/SPDEBagnols-sur-CèzeFrance

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