Mechanisms of Action and Effects on Diseases
A Mediterranean diet is associated with reduced risk for cardiovascular diseases, cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, rheumatoid arthritis and other arthritidies, asthma, atopy and allergic rhinitis, metabolic syndrome, and overall mortality. It has also demonstrated efficacy for obesity prevention and weight loss [1–3]. A framework to help patients conceptualize a MedDiet’s benefits obtained from the favorable biological effects of its many healthy foods and its general avoidance of unhealthy foods is outlined in this chapter (Table 3.1).
KeywordsMediterranean diet Mechanisms Favorable effects Morbidity Mortality
- 4.U.S. Department of Agriculture. Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion. Dietary guidelines for Americans. 2010. http://www.cnpp.usda.gov/dietaryguidelines.htm. Accessed 1 Jan 2011.
- 7.Fung TT, Rexrode KM, Mantzoros CS, Manson JE, Willett WC, Hu FB. Mediterranean diet and incidence of and mortality from coronary heart disease and stroke in women. Circulation. 2009;119(8):1093–100. Erratum in: Circulation. 2009;119(12):e379.Google Scholar