Atrial fibrillation is commonly encountered by the medical consultant, including patients with preexisting atrial fibrillation, as well as those with new onset in the perioperative period. Balancing the risk of stroke versus the risk of bleeding complications is required for the perioperative management of anticoagulation. Additionally, strategies for maintaining rate and/or rhythm control must be considered. Management options are frequently restricted by a patient’s NPO status postoperatively.
KeywordsAtrial Fibrillation Bleeding Risk Antithrombotic Therapy Noncardiac Surgery Rhythm Control
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