Conclusion and Future Direction of Health Politics and Policies

  • Sunday E. Ubokudom
Part of the Springer Texts in Business and Economics book series (STBE)


This final chapter of the book is devoted to summarizing the issues and perspectives we have examined in the last nine chapters. Following the summary, we utilize our understanding of the environment of health care policy-making in the country, our perception of the attitudes and beliefs of the people, at least at the moment, our educated opinions of the decision alternatives before the Supreme Court regarding the legal challenges to the health care reform law and our analysis of the problems the PPACA did not fully address, to speculate as to the likely future direction of the nation’s health policy. We begin by attempting to summarize the important arguments we have made in the previous chapters of the book.


Obesity Insurance Coverage Income Expense 


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  3. Gruber, J. 2011. “Health Care Reform Without the Individual Mandate.” Center for American Progress, 1-8. Retrieved October 20, 2011, from
  4. Quinnscommentary. 2011. “Eliminating the Individual Mandate Under Health Care Reform (PPACA)—GOA Asks the ‘Experts’ for Other Ideas.” Retrieved October 20, 2011, from….

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sunday E. Ubokudom
    • 1
  1. 1.Political Science and Public AdministrationUniversity of ToledoToledoUSA

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