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Oral Health Access Issues for Children with Special Health Care Needs

  • Nancy J. Murray
  • Mary Anderson Hartley
Chapter

Abstract

Maintaining good oral health is crucial for all children; all require consistent age-appropriate daily care. Most children with special health care needs have the same dental routines and can see the same dentists as their typical peers. Untreated dental conditions in children with special health care needs and particularly those with disabilities and significant health conditions can result in very serious behavioral and medical results. Due to higher medication usage, the physical characteristics associated with many disabilities, and the comorbidities that contribute to compromised health status, these children have an increased need for consistent and high quality dental care. This population suffers from reduced capabilities for daily hygiene, reduced number of professionals accepting them or their insurance, and less didactic and clinical training for dental professionals to make them more comfortable and competent with treating individuals with disabilities. Many advocates are working diligently on multiple strategies to solve the access issue for those children with special health care needs who are most at risk.

Keywords

Oral Health Down Syndrome Intellectual Disability Developmental Disability Pediatric Dentist 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

AADMD

American Academy of Developmental Medicine and Dentistry

AAPD

American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry

ACA

Affordable Care Act

ADA

American Dental Association

ADA

Americans with Disabilities Act

AHRQ

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

CDC

United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CHDIR

CDC Child Health Disparities and Inequalities Report

CHIP

Children’s Health Insurance Program

CMS

United States Center for Medicaid Services

CODA

Commission on Dental Accreditation

COPD

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease/Disorder

CSHCN

Children with Special Health Care Needs

DDS

Doctor of Dental Sciences

DHPSA

Dental Health Professions Shortage Areas

EPSDT

Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment

GAO

United States Government Accountability Office

HHS

United States Department of Health and Human Services

HRSA

United States Health Resources Services Administration

IV

Intravenous

MD

Medical Doctor

MPH

Master of Public Health academic degree

MUP

Medically Underserved Population

NADP

National Association of Dental Plans

NIDCR

National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research

NYSOPDD

New York State Office on Persons with Developmental Disabilities

SCDA

Special Care Dentistry Association

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ACHIEVAPittsburghUSA

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