Retinopathy of Prematurity

  • Alistair R. Fielder


Retinal Detachment Patent Ductus Arteriosus Refractive Error Neonatal Care Visual Disability 
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Suggested Reading

  1. An International Committee for the Classification of Retinopathy of Prematurity. The international classification of retinopathy of prematurity revisited. Arch Ophthalmol. 2005;123:991–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Early Treatment for Retinopathy of Prematurity Cooperative Group. Revised indications for the treatment of retinopathy of prematurity. Arch Ophthalmol. 2003;121:1684–96.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Eriksson L, Haglund B, Ewald U, Odlind V, Kieler H. Short and long-term effects of antenatal corticosteroids assessed in a cohort of 7,827 children born preterm. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2009;88:933–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Fielder AR, Quinn GE. Retinopathy of prematurity. In: Taylor DSI, Hoyt CS, editors. Pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus. 4th ed. Elsevier Ltd. 2012, in press.Google Scholar
  5. Fielder AR, Reynolds JD. Retinopathy of prematurity: clinical aspects. Semin Neonatol. 2001;6:461–77.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Gilbert C. Retinopathy of prematurity: a global perspective of the epidemics, population of babies at risk and implications for control. Early Hum Dev. 2008;84:77–82.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hård AL, Hellström A. On the use of antiangiogenetic medications for retinopathy of prematurity. Acta Paediatr. 2011;100(8):1063–5.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Karna P, Muttineni J, Angell L, Karmaus W. Retinopathy of prematurity and risk factors: a prospective cohort study. BMC Pediatr. 2005;5(1):18.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Mintz-Hittner HA, Kennedy KA, Chuang AZ, BEAT-ROP Cooperative Group. Efficacy of intravitreal bevacizumab for stage 3+ retinopathy of prematurity. N Engl J Med. 2011;364:603–15.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Reynolds JD, Dobson V, Quinn GE, Fielder AR, et al. on behalf of the CRYO-ROP and LIGHT-ROP Cooperative Groups. Evidence-based screening for retinopathy of prematurity: natural history data from CRYO-ROP and LIGHT-ROP Studies. Arch Ophthalmol. 2002;120:1470–76.Google Scholar
  11. Section on Ophthalmology. American Academy of Peditrics, American Academy of Ophthalmology, American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus. Screening examination of premature infants for retinopathy of prematurity. Pediatrics. 2006;117(2):572–6. Erratum in: Pediatrics. 2006;118(3):1324.Google Scholar
  12. Tin W, Wariyar U. Giving small babies oxygen: 50 years of uncertainty. Semin Neonatol. 2002;7:361–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Wilkinson AR, Haines L, Head K, Fielder AR. UK retinopathy of prematurity guideline. Early Hum Dev. 2008;84:71–4. Full guideline and sample downloadable forms available Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Optometry & Visual ScienceCity UniversityLondonUK

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