Advertisement

Integrated Model for Evacuation Planning

  • Arab Naser
  • Ali K. Kamrani
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter presents an integrated model for evacuation planning. In this methodology, an optimization algorithm is integrated into a traffic simulation routine in order to determine the best routes for evacuation. The main drawback in simulation models is that they do not have the capability of identifying the “best” routes (optimization) and therefore, a model that integrates an optimization and a simulation routine into one algorithm is proposed and used for evacuation route planning. It also includes examples to illustrate the application of the implemented methodology.

Keywords

Travel Time Head Node Optimization Routine Estimate Travel Time Evacuation Problem 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 19.
    Yamada T (1996) A network approach to a city emergency evacuation planning. Int J Syst Sci 27:931–936zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 30.
    Nagel K, Schreckenberg M (1992) A cellular automaton model for freeway traffic. J Phy I (France) 2:2221–2229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 38.
    Chien CC, Zhang Y, Stotsky A, Dharmasena SR, Ioannou P (1995) Macroscopic roadway traffic controller design. California PATH Research Report, UCB-ITS-PRRGoogle Scholar
  4. 39.
    Papageorgiou M (1989) Macroscopic modeling of traffic flow on the Boulevard Peripherique in Paris. Transport Res 23B:29–47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 41.
    Heydecker BG, Addison JD (1997) Stochastic and deterministic formulations of dynamic traffic assignment. In: Proceedings of the 25th European Transport Forum. pp 107–120Google Scholar
  6. 42.
    Sussman J (2000) Introduction to transportation systems. Artech House.Google Scholar
  7. 43.
    Lu Q, George B, Shekhar S (2005) Capacity constrained routing algorithms for evacuation planning: a summary of results. University of Minnesota, pp 291–307Google Scholar
  8. 47.
    Choi W, Francis RL, Hamacher HW, Tufekci S (1984) Network models of building evacuation problems with flow-dependent exist capacities. Oper Res 1047–1059Google Scholar
  9. 48.
    Francis RL (1981) A uniformity principle for evacuation route allocation. J Res Natl Bur Stand 86(5)Google Scholar
  10. 49.
    Choi W, Francis RL, Hamacher HW, Tufekci S (1988) Modeling of building evacuation problems with side constraints. Eur J Oper Res 35:98–110zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 50.
    Fleischer L (1998) Efficient continuous-time dynamic network flow algorithms. Oper Res Lett 23:71–80MathSciNetzbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 52.
    Chiu YC (2004) Traffic scheduling simulation and assignment for area-wide evacuation. In: Proceedings of the IEEE intelligent transportation systems conference (ITSC), Washington, DCGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arab Naser
    • 1
  • Ali K. Kamrani
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Design and Free Form Fabrication Laboratory Industrial Engineering DepartmentUniversity of HoustonHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Fatimah Alnijris’s Research Chair for Advanced Manufacturing Technology Industrial Engineering DepartmentKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia

Personalised recommendations