Tribo-chemistry and Tribo-corrosion



Tribological losses at interfaces can cost important recourses such as time and money. Knowledge of interface chemistry is vital to understand fundamentals of tribological parameters. Sliding of two surfaces provide favorable thermodynamic parameters for chemical reactions to take place at these interfaces. The study of these reactions primarily studied under special fields of tribology, i.e., tribo-chemistry and tribo-corrosion. It is difficult to separate these two fields. Usually, study of tribo-corrosion deals with surface deterioration due to the synergism of tribological factors, electrical stimulus, and corrosion. The thermodynamics approach can be utilized to understand the tribo-chemical reactions. This chapter provides different approaches taken to study these two fields. In this chapter, some of the mechanisms responsible for and applications of tribo-chemical interactions are discussed for example tribo-emission, tribo-chemical polishing, tribo-chemistry of magnetic media drive. Tribo-corrosion of coatings and metallic materials is briefly discussed. The case study of complex tribo-chemistry in sugarcane roller mill is included.


Ionic Liquid Wear Rate Silicon Nitride Chemical Mechanical Polishing Sugarcane Juice 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Heinicke G (1985) Tribochemistry, Carl Hanser Verlag, MunichGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fischer T (1988) Tribochemistry. Annu Rev Mater Sci 18(1):303–323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Orcutt F, Krause H, Allen C (1962) The use of free-energy relationships in the selection of lubricants for high-temperature applications. Wear 5(5):345–362CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Singer I (1991) A thermochemical model for analyzing low wear-rate materials. Surf Coat Technol 49(1):474–481CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Nakayama K, Suzuki N, Hashimoto H (1992) Triboemission of charged particles and photons from solid surfaces during frictional damage. J Phys D Appl Phys 25(2):303CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dante R, Kajdas C, Kulczycki A (2010) Theoretical advances in the kinetics of tribochemical reactions. React Kinet Mech Catal 99(1):37–46Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hiratsuka KI, Kajdas C, Yoshida M (2004) Tribo-catalysis in the synthesis reaction of carbon dioxide. Tribol Trans 47(1):86–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jahanmir S (2002) Wear transitions and tribochemical reactions in ceramics. Proc IME J J Eng Tribol 216(6):371–385CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Jahanmir S, Dong X (1994) Wear mechanisms of aluminum oxide ceramics. Friction and wear of ceramics, vol 6, Materials Engineering. Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, NY, pp 15–49Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Dong X, Jahanmir S, Ives LK (1995) Wear transition diagram for silicon carbide. Tribol Int 28(8):559–572CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Jahanmir S, Fischer T (1988) Friction and wear of silicon nitride lubricated by humid air, water, hexadecane and hexadecane + 0.5 percent stearic acid. STLE Trans 31(1):32–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Fischer TE, Liang H, Mullins WM (1988) Tribochemical lubricious oxides on silicon nitride MRS proceedings. 140: 339, doi:  10.1557/PROC-140-339
  13. 13.
    Fischer TE, Tomizawa H (1985) Interaction of tribochemistry and microfracture in the friction and wear of silicon nitride. Wear 105(1):29–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Dante RC, Kajdas CK (2012) A review and a fundamental theory of silicon nitride tribochemistry. Wear 288:27–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kajdas CK (2006) Physical and chemical phenomena related to tribochemistry, Chapter 12. In: Buzio R, Valbusa U (eds) Advances in contact mechanics: implications for material science, engineering and biology. Transworld Research Network, Kerala, pp 383–412Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Chen W et al (2010) Tribochemical behavior of Si 3N 4-hBN ceramic materials with water lubrication. Tribol Lett 37(2):229–238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Mate CM (1998) Molecular tribology of disk drives. Tribol Lett 4(2):119–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Feynman R (1961) Miniaturization. Reinhold, New York, NY, pp 282–296Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Feynman RP (1960) There’s plenty of room at the bottom. Eng Sci 23(5):22–36Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Rao C, Cheetham A (2001) Science and technology of nanomaterials: current status and future prospects. J Mater Chem 11(12):2887–2894CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Wood R, Takano H. Prospects for magnetic recording over the next 10 years. in Proc. IEEE Int. Magnetics Conf. 2006, San Diego, CAGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Hayes B (2002) Computing science: terabyte territory. Am Sci 90(3):212–216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Coughlin TM (2001) High density hard disk drive trends in the USA. J Magnet Soc Jpn 25(3/1):111–120Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Khurshudov A, Waltman RJ (2001) Tribology challenges of modern magnetic hard disk drives. Wear 251(1):1124–1132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Lei RZ, Gellman AJ (2000) Humidity effects on PFPE lubricant bonding to a-CH x overcoats. Langmuir 16(16):6628–6635CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Menon AK, Gupta B (1999) Nanotechnology: a data storage perspective. Nanostruct Mater 11(8):965–986CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Lambeth D et al (1996) Media for 10 Gb/in. < sup > 2</sup > hard disk storage: issues and status. J Appl Phys 79(8):4496–4501CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Lambeth DN et al (1997) Present status and future magnetic data storage, in Magnetic hysteresis in novel magnetic materials. Springer, New York, NY, pp 767–780CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Jhon MS, Choi HJ (2001) Lubricants in future data storage technology. J Ind Eng Chem 7(5):263–275Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Kondo H. Ionic liquid lubricant with ammonium salts for magnetic media liquids in science and technology. In: Scott Handy (ed.) ISBN: 978-953-307-605-8, InTech
  31. 31.
    Kondo H (2012) Tribochemistry of ionic liquid lubricant on magnetic media. Adv Tribol 2012:1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Klaus E, Bhushan B (1985) Lubricants in magnetic media—a review. Tribol Mech Magnet Stor Syst 2:7–15Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Bhushan B (1996) Tribology and mechanics of magnetic storage devices. Springer, New York, NYCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Novotny VJ, Pan X, Bhatia CS (1994) Tribochemistry at lubricated interfaces. J Vac Sci Technol A 12(5):2879–2886CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Homola A (1996) Lubrication issues in magnetic disk storage devices. IEEE Trans Magnet 32(3):1812–1818CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Robertson J (2001) Ultrathin carbon coatings for magnetic storage technology. Thin Solid Films 383(1–2):81–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Kondo Y, Koyama T, Sasaki S (2013) Tribological properties of ionic liquids, ionic liquids: new aspects for the future. 127–141
  38. 38.
    Sinha SK et al (2003) Wear durability studies of ultra-thin perfluoropolyether lubricant on magnetic hard disks. Tribol Int 36(4–6):217–225CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Hah S, Fischer T (1998) Tribochemical polishing of silicon nitride. J Electrochem Soc 145(5):1708–1714CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Muratov VA, Fischer TE (2000) Tribochemical polishing. Annu Rev Mater Sci 30(1):27–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Wood RJK (2007) Tribo-corrosion of coatings: a review. J Phys D Appl Phys 40(18):5502CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Celis J-P, Ponthiaux P (2006) Editorial. Wear 261(9):937–938CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Yan Y, Neville A, Dowson D (2006) Biotribocorrosion—an appraisal of the time dependence of wear and corrosion interactions: I. The role of corrosion. J Phys D Appl Phys 39(15):3200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Liao Y et al (2011) Graphitic tribological layers in metal-on-metal hip replacements. Science 334(6063):1687–1690CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Langton DJ et al (2011) Adverse reaction to metal debris following hip resurfacing: the influence of component type, orientation and volumetric wear. J Bone Joint Surg 93-B(2):164–171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Wimmer MA et al (2001) The acting wear mechanisms on metal-on-metal hip joint bearings: in vitro results. Wear 250(1–12):129–139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Lambrechts P et al (2006) Degradation of tooth structure and restorative materials: a review. Wear 261(9):980–986CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Lim B-S et al (2002) Effect of filler fraction and filler surface treatment on wear of microfilled composites. Dent Mater 18(1):1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Pallav P. Occlusal wear in dentistry, fundamental mechanisms, clinical implications, and laboratory assessment, in Academisch Proefschrift. 1996, ACTA, VU University Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Landolt D (2006) Electrochemical and materials aspects of tribocorrosion systems. J Phys D Appl Phys 39(15):3121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Buford A, Goswami T (2004) Review of wear mechanisms in hip implants: paper I-general. Mater Des 25(5):385CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Dowson D et al (2004) A hip joint simulator study of the performance of metal-on-metal joints: part II: design. J Arthroplasty 19(8):124–130Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Contu F, Elsener B, Böhni H (2004) A study of the potentials achieved during mechanical abrasion and the repassivation rate of titanium and Ti6Al4V in inorganic buffer solutions and bovine serum. Electrochim Acta 50(1):33–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Pokhmurs’kyi V, Dovhunyk V (2010) Tribocorrosion of stainless steels (Review). Mater Sci 46(1):87–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Chen G, Zhou Z (2005) Experimental observation of the initiation process of friction-induced vibration under reciprocating sliding conditions. Wear 259(1):277–281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Pourbaix M (1963) Atlas d’equilibres electrochimiques. Gauthier-Villars, ParisGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Celis JP, Ponthiaux P, Wenger F (2006) Tribo-corrosion of materials: interplay between chemical, electrochemical, and mechanical reactivity of surfaces. Wear 261(9):939–946CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Wheeler DW, Wood RJK (2005) Erosion of hard surface coatings for use in offshore gate valves. Wear 258(1–4):526–536CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Allen C, Ball A (1996) A review of the performance of engineering materials under prevalent tribological and wear situations in South African industries. Tribol Int 29(2):105–116CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Wood RJK, Mellor BG, Binfield ML (1997) Sand erosion performance of detonation gun applied tungsten carbide/cobalt-chromium coatings. Wear 211(1):70–83CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Henry P, Takadoum J, Berçot P (2011) Depassivation of some metals by sliding friction. Corros Sci 53(1):320–328CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Diomidis N et al (2009) A methodology for the assessment of the tribocorrosion of passivating metallic materials. Lubri Sci 21(2):53–67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Kakade AB et al (2013) Tribological behavior of sugar mill roller shaft in laboratory simulated conditions. Wear 302:1568–1572CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Hugot E (1986) Handbook of cane sugar engineering. Elsevier, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Engineering Texas A&M UniversityGalvestonUSA
  2. 2.College of the MainlandTexas CityUSA

Personalised recommendations