Bed Assignment and Bed Management

Part of the International Series in Operations Research & Management Science book series (ISOR, volume 168)


Beds are a critical resource for serving patients in hospitals, but also provide a place where patients queue for needed care. Bed requirements result from medical needs along with the hospital’s effectiveness at reducing average length of stay and hospitalization rates. Hospitals can reduce the need for beds by reducing the unproductive portion of the patient’s stay (e.g., waiting for a test) and by reducing the portion of time when beds are unoccupied. Hospitals must also synchronize discharges with admissions to minimize time of day and day of week variations in bed occupancy levels. Finally, beds must be managed as part of the overall hospital system so that shortages do not cause delays or cancellations in the emergency department or surgery.


Post Anesthesia Care Unit Occupancy Level Average Total Length Nurse Staffing Level 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



My appreciation goes to David Belson for his contributions to understanding of bed management based on his extensive experience working with California hospitals.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC  2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Epstein Department of Industrial and Systems EngineeringUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA

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