Bed Assignment and Bed Management

Chapter
Part of the International Series in Operations Research & Management Science book series (ISOR, volume 168)

Abstract

Beds are a critical resource for serving patients in hospitals, but also provide a place where patients queue for needed care. Bed requirements result from medical needs along with the hospital’s effectiveness at reducing average length of stay and hospitalization rates. Hospitals can reduce the need for beds by reducing the unproductive portion of the patient’s stay (e.g., waiting for a test) and by reducing the portion of time when beds are unoccupied. Hospitals must also synchronize discharges with admissions to minimize time of day and day of week variations in bed occupancy levels. Finally, beds must be managed as part of the overall hospital system so that shortages do not cause delays or cancellations in the emergency department or surgery.

Keywords

Transportation Cataract Dispatch OECD 

Notes

Acknowledgment

My appreciation goes to David Belson for his contributions to understanding of bed management based on his extensive experience working with California hospitals.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC  2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Epstein Department of Industrial and Systems EngineeringUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA

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