Neurobiology of Sociability

  • Heather K. Caldwell
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 739)

Abstract

Sociability consists of behaviors that bring animals together and those that keep animals apart. Remarkably, while the neural circuitry that regulates these two ”faces“ of sociability differ from one another, two neurohormones, oxytocin (Oxt) and vasopressin (Avp), have been consistently implicated in the regulation of both. In this chapter the the structure and function of the Oxt and Avp systems, the ways in which affiliative and aggressive behavior are studied and the roles of Oxt and Avp in the regulation of sociability will be briefly reviewed. Finally, work implicating Oxt and Avp in sociability in humans, with a focus on neuropsychiatric disorders will be highlighted.

Keywords

Dopamine Schizophrenia Serotonin Testosterone Neurol 

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Copyright information

© Landes Bioscience and Springer Science+Business Media 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heather K. Caldwell
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Neuroendocrinology and Behavior; Department of Biological Sciences and School of Biomedical SciencesKent State UniversityUSA

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