Advertisement

Can Comodulation Masking Release Occur When Frequency Changes Could Promote Perceptual Segregation of the On-Frequency and Flanking Bands?

  • Jesko L. Verhey
  • Bastian Epp
  • Arkadiusz Stasiak
  • Ian M. Winter
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (volume 787)

Abstract

A common characteristic of natural sounds is that the level fluctuations in different frequency regions are coherent. The ability of the auditory system to use this comodulation is shown when a sinusoidal signal is masked by a masker centred at the signal frequency (on-frequency masker, OFM) and one or more off-frequency components, commonly referred to as flanking bands (FBs). In general, the threshold of the signal masked by comodulated masker components is lower than when masked by masker components with uncorrelated envelopes or in the presence of the OFM only. This effect is commonly referred to as comodulation masking release (CMR). The present study investigates if CMR is also observed for a sinusoidal signal embedded in the OFM when the centre frequencies of the FBs are swept over time with a sweep rate of one octave per second. Both a common change of different frequencies and comodulation could serve as cues to indicate which of the stimulus components originate from one source. If the common fate of frequency components is the stronger binding cue, the sweeping FBs and the OFM with a fixed centre frequency should no longer form one auditory object and the CMR should be abolished. However, psychoacoustical results with normal-hearing listeners show that a CMR is also observed with sweeping components. The results are consistent with the hypothesis of wideband inhibition as the underlying physiological mechanism, as the CMR should only depend on the spectral position of the flanking bands relative to the inhibitory areas (as seen in physiological recordings using stationary flanking bands). Preliminary physiological results in the cochlear nucleus of the Guinea pig show that a correlate of CMR can also be found at this level of the auditory pathway with sweeping flanking bands.

Keywords

Cochlear Nucleus Dorsal Cochlear Nucleus Auditory Object Comodulation Masking Release Perceptual Segregation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgement

This work was supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, SFB trr 31).

References

  1. Carlyon R (1994) Further evidence against an across-frequency mechanism specific to the detection of frequency modulation (FM) incoherence between resolved frequency components. J Acoust Soc Am 95:949–961PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chalikia MH, Bregman AS (1989) The perceptual segregation of simultaneous auditory signals: pulse train segregation and vowel segregation. Percept Psychophys 46:487–496PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Dau T, Ewert S, Oxenham A (2009) Auditory stream formation affects comodulation masking release retroactively. J Acoust Soc Am 125:2182–2188PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Grose J, Hall JW, Buss E (2009) Within- and across-channel factors in the multiband comodulation masking release paradigm. J Acoust Soc Am 125:282–293PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hall JW, Haggard MP, Fernandes MA (1984) Detection in noise by spectro-temporal pattern analysis. J Acoust Soc Am 76:50–56PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Nelken I, Rotman Y, Bar Yosef O (1999) Responses of auditory-cortex neurons to structural features of natural sounds. Nature 397:154–157PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Neuert V, Verhey JL, Winter IM (2004) High responses of dorsal cochlear nucleus neurons to signals in the presence of modulated maskers. J Neurosci 23:5789–5797CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Pressnitzer D, Meddis R, Delahaye R, Winter IM (2001) Physiological correlates of comodulation masking release in the mammalian ventral cochlear nucleus. J Neurosci 21:6377–6386PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Roberts B, Holmes SD, Bleeck S, Winter IM (2007) Wideband inhibition modulates the effect of onset asynchrony as a grouping cue. In: Kollmeier B, Klump G, Hohmann V, Langenmann U, Mauermann M, Uppenkamp S, Verhey J (eds) Hearing-from sensory processing to perception. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, pp 333–341CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Verhey JL, Pressnitzer D, Winter IM (2003) The psychophysics and physiology of comodulation masking release. Exp Brain Res 153:405–417PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jesko L. Verhey
    • 1
    • 2
  • Bastian Epp
    • 3
  • Arkadiusz Stasiak
    • 4
  • Ian M. Winter
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Experimental AudiologyOtto-von-Guericke University of MagdeburgMagdeburgGermany
  2. 2.Forschungszentrum NeurosensorikCarl von Ossietzky UniversityOldenburgGermany
  3. 3.Department of Electrical EngineeringDTUKgs. LyngbyDenmark
  4. 4.Department of PhysiologyDevelopment and NeuroscienceCambridgeUK

Personalised recommendations