Introduction and Definition of Terms

  • Elias G. Carayannis
  • Ali Pirzadeh
  • Denisa Popescu
Part of the Innovation, Technology, and Knowledge Management book series (ITKM, volume 13)


Discussion about the notion of globalization often leads to certain skepticism as to its meaning and implication. Yet one can argue that there has been intensification in the economic, political, and institutional relations among countries over the last decades that led to the formation of a Global Economic System (GES). This new trend was marked by increasing economic interdependence and the deepening of economic integration between countries across the world.


International Monetary Fund Global Governance North American Free Trade Agreement World Bank Epistemic Community 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elias G. Carayannis
    • 1
  • Ali Pirzadeh
    • 2
  • Denisa Popescu
    • 3
  1. 1.School of BusinessGeorge Washington UniversityWashingtonUSA
  2. 2.Independent ConsultantWashingtonUSA
  3. 3.World Bank GroupWashingtonUSA

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