Are French Laws Written in Brussels? The Limited Europeanization of Law-Making in France and Its Implications

Part of the Studies in Public Choice book series (SIPC)


Evaluating the power of national political systems in the European Union (EU) and the cross influence of national and European levels of governance strongly divides scholars, politicians, and citizens. Since the beginning of the 1990s, public debate surrounding European integration has often featured questions concerning its impact on the national political system and especially on the balance of power between legislative and executive bodies. The “democratic deficit” concept stems from the hypothesis that reinforcement of the European Community was weakening parliaments and giving increasing power to governments (Moravcsik 1994) via the EC Council and European Council. On another dimension, the work of Majone (1996) on the “European regulatory state” follows the famous statement of Jacques Delors about the dominance of EU over national legislation. Nevertheless, in the academic field, there is still no general agreement on the identity of “winners” and “losers” in European integration, as evidenced in the various integration theories and their divergent conclusions. One of the reasons for these ongoing controversies is the lack of solid and systematic data on Europeanization, and especially Europeanization of national laws.


European Union Veto Player European Union Directive European Union Policy European Union Legislation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Auel K, Benz A (Autumn/Winter 2005) The politics of adaptation: the Europeanisation of national parliamentary systems. J Legis Stud 11(3/4):372–393Google Scholar
  2. Baumgartner F, Jones BD (1993) Agendas and instability in American politics. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago PressCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Baumgartner F, Brouard S, Grossman E (2009) Agenda-setting dynamics in France: revisiting the ‘partisan hypothesis’ French politics. French Polit 7(2):75–95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bergman T (2000) The European Union as the next step of delegation and accountability. Eur J Polit Res 37(3):415–429Google Scholar
  5. Brouard S (2011) The systematic institutional advantage of government in law-making. In: Rash BE, Tsebelis G (eds) The role of governments in legislative agenda setting. Palgrave, LondonGoogle Scholar
  6. Bulmer S, Radaelli C (2005) The Europeanization of national policy. In: Bulmer S, Lequesne C (eds) The member states of the European Union. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 338–359Google Scholar
  7. European Commission (2006) XXIIIrd Report on monitoring the application of Community law. COM(2006) 416 Accessed 5 Oct 2011
  8. Graziano P, Vink MP (2007) Europeanization: new research agendas. Palgrave Macmillan, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  9. Grossman E, Sauger N (2007) Political institutions under stress? Assessing the impact of European integration on French political institutions. J Eur Publ Pol 14:1117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Grossman Emiliano (2009) La rÕsistance comme opportunitÕ : les stratÕgies des institutions politiques franÓaises face Á l'intÕgration europÕenne, Revue internationale de politique comparÕe. 16(1):667–678CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Huber JD (1996) Rationalizing parliament. Legislative institutions and party politics in France. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  12. Majone G (1996) A European regulatory state? In: Richardson J (ed) European Union: power and policy-making. Routledge, LondonGoogle Scholar
  13. Maïa J (2005) La contrainte europeÇenne sur la loi. Pouvoirs 114:53–71Google Scholar
  14. Moravcsik A (1994) Why the European Union strengthens the state: domestic politics and international cooperation. Center for European Studies, Working Paper Series 52, Harvard University, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  15. Raunio T, Wiberg M (2000) Does support lead to ignorance? National parliaments and the legitimacy of EU Governance. Acta Polit 35(2):146–168Google Scholar
  16. Rizzuto F (1996) The French Parliament and the EU: loosening the constitutional straitjacket. In: Norton P (ed) National parliaments and the European Union. Cass, London, pp 46–59Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sylvain Brouard
    • 1
  • Olivier Costa
    • 1
  • Eric Kerrouche
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre Emile DurkheimUniversity of BordeauxBordeauxFrance

Personalised recommendations