Coronary Artery Anomalies

  • Thomas Knickelbine
  • Michael Bolooki
  • Zeev Vlodaver


Anomalous coronary arteries are a heterogeneous group of disorders which vary in clinical importance from benign to highly malignant, causing angina, syncope, or sudden death. They are the second-most-common cause of sudden cardiac death in young athletes. The interarterial artery, located between the aorta and pulmonary artery, is the most concerning type, especially for patients with an anomalous left coronary artery. The treatment approach depends on hemodynamic significance, symptoms, and high-risk features. New imaging modalities, including coronary computed tomography angiography, may be helpful in determining the optimal therapeutic approach.


Coronary Compute Tomography Angiography Right Coronary Artery Ventricular Septal Defect Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging Left Coronary Artery 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Knickelbine
    • 1
  • Michael Bolooki
    • 2
  • Zeev Vlodaver
    • 3
  1. 1.Minneapolis Heart InstituteMinneapolisUSA
  2. 2.University of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA
  3. 3.Division of Cardiovascular MedicineUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA

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