Roll Dynamics and Rollover Prevention

Chapter
Part of the Mechanical Engineering Series book series (MES)

Abstract

Vehicle rollovers account for a significant fraction of highway traffic fatalities. While only 3% of vehicle accidents result in rollovers, 33% of all fatalities have vehicle rollover as a contributing factor (NHTSA, 2011). Hence there is significant research being conducted on development of rollover prevention technologies (Liu, et al., 1997, Odenthal, et al., 1999, Chen and Peng, 2001, Carlson and Gerdes, 2003, Liebemann, et al., 2004, Yoon, etal., 2007, Piyabongkarn, et al., 2010).

Keywords

Torque 

References

  1. Boyd, P.L., “NHTSA’s NCAP Rollover Resistance Rating System,” Paper # 05-0450, Proceedings - 19th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, Washington, D.C., June 6-9, 2005, Available on NHTSA web site, http://www-nrd.nhtsa.gov/pdf/esv/esv19/05-0450-O.pdf.
  2. Chen, B. and Peng, H., “Differential braking based rollover prevention for sport utility vehicles with human-in-the-loop evaluations,” Vehicle System Dynamics, Vol. 36, No. 4-5, pp. 359–389,2001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Carlson, C.R. and Gerdes, J.C., “Optimal Rollover Prevention with Steer by Wire and Differential Braking,” Proceedings of the ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, pp. 345–355, November, 2003.Google Scholar
  4. Forkenbrock, G.J., Garrott, W.R., Heitz, M. and O’Harra, B.C., “Experimental Examination of J-Turn and Fishhook Maneuver that may Induce On-Road Untripped Light Vehicle Rollover,” SAE Paper, No. 2003-01-1008, 2003.Google Scholar
  5. Forkenbrock, G.J., Garrott, W.R., Heitz, M. and O’Harra, B.C., “A Comprehensive Experimental Examination of Test Maneuvers that May Induce On-Road, Untripped Light Vehicle Rollover – Phase IV of NHTSA’s Light Vehicle Rollover Research Program,” NHTSA Technical Report, DOT HS 809 513, October 2002.Google Scholar
  6. Hac, A., Brown, T. and Martens, J., “Detection of Vehicle Rollover,” SAE Technical Paper Series, 2004-01-1757, SAE World Congress, 2004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Lew, J.Y., Piyabongkarn, D. and Grogg, J.A., “Minimizing Dynamic Rollover Propensity with Electronic Limited Slip Differentials,” SAE Transactions Journal of Passenger Cars: Mechanical Systems, pp. 1183–1190, SAE book number V115-6, 2006.Google Scholar
  8. Liebemann, E.K., Meder, K., Schuh, J. and Nenninger, G., “Safety and Performance Enhancement: The Bosch Electronic Stability Control (ESP),” SAE Paper, No. 2004-21-0060, 2004.Google Scholar
  9. Liu, P.J., Rakheja, S. and Ahmed, A.K.W., “Detection of Dynamic Roll Instability of Heavy vehicles for Open-Loop Rollover Control,” SAE Paper, No. 973263.Google Scholar
  10. NHTSA, USDOT, Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS), http://www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov/Main/index.aspx, accessed June 2011.
  11. Odenthal, D., Bunte, T. and Ackermann, J., “Nonlinear Steering and Braking Control for Vehicle Rollover Avoidance,” Proceedings of the European Control Conference, 1999.Google Scholar
  12. Piyabongkarn, D. Rajamani, R., Grogg, J. and Lew, J., “Development and Experimental Evaluation of a Slip Angle Estimator for Vehicle Stability Control,” IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology, Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 78–88, January 2009.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Piyabongkarn, D., Rajamani, R. and Lew, J.Y., “Active Driveline Torque Management Systems – Individual Wheel Torque Control for Active Automotive Safety Applications,” IEEE Control Systems Magazine, Vol. 30, Issue 4, pp. 86–102, August 2010.CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  14. Rajamani, R., Piyabongkarn, D., Tsourapas, V. and Lew, J.Y., “Real-Time Estimation of Roll Angle CG Height for Active Rollover Prevention Applications,” Proceedings of the American Control Conference, 2009.Google Scholar
  15. Takano, S. and Nagai, M., “Dynamic Control of Large Vehicles for Rollover Prevention,” pp. 85–89, Proceedings of IEEE IVEC, 2001.Google Scholar
  16. Transportation Research Board (TRB), the National Academies, Special Report 265, “The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration’s Rating System for Rollover Resistance: An Assessment,” 2002.Google Scholar
  17. Yoon, J., Kim, D. and Yi, K., “Design of a Rollover Index Based Vehicle Stability Control Scheme,” Vehicle System Dynamics, Vol. 45, No. 5, pp. 459–475, May 2007.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Rajesh Rajamani 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA

Personalised recommendations