This chapter describes the indications and operative techniques for parathyroidectomy. Preoperative preparation and postoperative management are discussed for primary, secondary, and tertiary hyperparathyroidism. Surgical anatomy of the parathyroid glands and its surrounding structures is reviewed. Operative technique, pitfalls, and complications are discussed for minimally invasive parathyroidectomy, four-gland exploration, and subtotal and reoperative parathyroidectomy. The techniques of parathyroid biopsy and reimplantation are detailed. Possible complications such as bleeding, hypoparathyroidism, and their management are discussed.


Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Secondary Hyperparathyroidism Parathyroid Adenoma Parathyroid Tissue Superior Laryngeal Nerve 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Surgical OncologyUniversity of Iowa Hospitals and ClinicsIowa CityUSA
  2. 2.Department of General SurgeryUniversity of Iowa Hospitals and ClinicsIowa CityUSA

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