Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 118)


A Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is a network comprised of numerous small autonomous sensor nodes called motes. It combines a broad range of networking, hardware, software, and programming methodologies. Each node is a computer with attached sensors that can process and exchange sensed data, as well as communicates wirelessly among them to complete various tasks. Sensors attached to this node allow them to sense various phenomena within the surroundings.WSN has received momentous attention in recent years because of its titanic potential in applications. In this chapter, we introduced many applications of WSN, explained the sensor node evaluation metrics, brought in the sensor network architecture, and finally we discussed the WSN’s challenges and constraints.


Sensor Node Wireless Sensor Network Field Programmable Gate Array Medium Access Control Protocol Time Division Multiple Access 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Essex JunctionUSA
  2. 2.University of Louisiana at LafayetteLafayetteUSA

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