Normative Societal Theory

  • Frederick Betz
Part of the Innovation, Technology, and Knowledge Management book series (ITKM, volume 11)


When we began this methodological journey, we first acknowledged that modern society has made great progress in societal knowledge (science and technology) but less progress in societal wisdom (politics and ethics). As in societal knowledge, we assumed that progress in societal wisdom could be facilitated by proper methodology in the social sciences. In contrast to the physical and biological sciences with a “value-free” methodology, the social sciences needed a “value-loaded” methodology. Moreover, a value-loaded methodology might yield empirically grounded understanding about universal human values.


Social Theory Historical Explanation English History Feudal Society Historical Epoch 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Engineering and Technology ManagementPortland State UniversityPortlandUSA

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