• Vivienne Wang
  • Elias G. Carayannis
Part of the Innovation, Technology, and Knowledge Management book series (ITKM, volume 12)


Existing models of competitiveness that are mainly based on experiences of ­developed countries tend to focus on radical innovations (e.g., Porter 1990). Most previous research assumes that firms in developing countries can follow the same technological paths to achieve competitive advantage. The assumption, thus, became the key point of debate between Justin Lin, the Chief Economist and Senior Vice President of The World Bank, and Ha-Joon Chang, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge (Lin and Chang 2009).


Foreign Direct Investment Foreign Firm Product Life Cycle Domestic Firm Competitive Position 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.UNDP/UNFPANew YorkUSA
  2. 2.School of BusinessGeorge Washington UniversityWashingtonUSA

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