Dental Maturity and the Ontogeny of Sex-Based Differences in the Dentofacial Complex of Rhesus Macaques from Cayo Santiago

Chapter
Part of the Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects book series (DIPR)

Abstract

The dentofacial complex has important functions related to vision, sound, and nutrition (Lieberman 2011 ). In addition to traditional attempts to estimate age in lieu of birth records in forensic and anthropological studies (i.e., Relethford et al 1982 ; Nuzzolese and Di Vella 2008 ), investigations of dental eruption in various past and present primates have revealed important information on ontogeny, phylogeny, evolution, diet, living conditions, physiology, and life history patterns (i.e., Zuckerman 1928 ; Schultz 1935 ; Hurme and Van Wagenen 1961 ; Nissen and Riesen 1964 ; Cheverud 1981 ; Mann 1988 ; Phillips-Conroy and Jolly 1988 ; Smith 1989, 1994 ; Anemone et al. 1991, 1996 ; Kuykendall et al.

Keywords

Lactate Tempo 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author thanks the Caribbean Primate Research Center (CPRC) of the University of Puerto Rico Medical Sciences Campus, especially the Laboratory of Primate Morphology and Genetics. The author is also grateful to Barth Wright, Amanda Smith, Terry Kensler, Myriam Viñales, Michael Horst, Sandra Leeper-Woodford, Daniel Hagan, Pad Rengasamy, Craig Byron, Greg Blomquist, Denise Collins, Ernestine Waters, and Li Sun for their help in many ways. Professor Donald C. Dunbar and two anonymous reviewers are thanked for their constructive comments. This study was made possible, in part, by financial support from the National Science Foundation (HOMINID grant BCS0725183) and the National Institutes of Health (Grant P40 RR003640 to the CPRC).

References

  1. Anemone RL, Watts ES, Swindler DR (1991) Dental development of known-age chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes (Primates, Pongidae). Am J Phys Anthropol 86:229–241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Anemone RL, Mooney MP, Siegel MI (1996) Longitudinal study of dental development in ­chimpanzees of known chronological age: implications for understanding the age at death of Plio-Pleistocene hominids. Am J Phys Anthropol 99:119–133PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Anton SC (1990) Neanderthals and the anterior dental loading hypothesis: a biomechanical ­evaluation of bite force distribution. Kroeber Anthropol Soc Pap 71–72:67–76Google Scholar
  4. Berard JD (1989) Life history of male Cayo Santiago macaques. P R Health Sci J 8:61–64PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Bercovitch FB, Harvey NC (2004) Reproductive life history. In: Thierry B, Singh M, Kaumanns M (eds) Macaque societies. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 61–80Google Scholar
  6. Bercovitch FB, Nurnberg P (1996) Socioendocrine and morphological correlates of paternity in rhesus macaques. J Reprod Fertil 107:59–68PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bercovitch FB, Lebron MR, Martinez HS, Kessler MJ (1998) Primigravidity, body weight, and costs of rearing first offspring in rhesus macaques. Am J Primatol 46:135–144PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Blomquist GE (2009) Trade-off between age of first reproduction and survival in a female primate. Biol Lett 5:339–342PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Blomquist GE, Turnquist JE (2011) Selection on adult female body size in rhesus macaques. J Hum Evol 2:677–683CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Blomquist GE, Sade DS, Berard JD (2011) Rank-related fitness differences and their demographic pathways in semi-free ranging rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). Int J Primatol 31:193–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Cartmill M, Smith FH (2009) The human lineage. Wiley-Blackwell, Hoboken, NJGoogle Scholar
  12. Cheverud JM (1981) Epiphyseal union and dental eruption in Macaca mulatta. Am J Phys Anthropol 56:157–167PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Dechow PC, Wang Q, Peterson J (2010) Edentulation alters material properties of cortical bone in the human craniofacial skeleton: functional implications for craniofacial structure in primate evolution. Anat Rec 293:618–629CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Delson E, Terranova CJ, Jungers WL, Sargis EJ, Jablonski NG, Dechow PC (2000) Body mass in Cercopithecidae (Primates, Mammalia): estimation and scaling in extinct and extant taxa. Am Mus Nat Hist Anthropol Pap 83:1–159Google Scholar
  15. Dirks W, Reid DJ, Jolly CJ, Phillips-Conroy JE, Brett FL (2002) Out of the mouths of baboons: stress, life history, and dental development in the Awash National Park hybrid zone Ethiopia. Am J Phys Anthropol 118:239–252PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Foote M (1993) Human cranial variability: a methodological comment. Am J Phys Anthropol 90:377–379PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Godfrey LR, Samonds KE, Jungers WL, Sutherland MR (2001) Teeth, brains, and primate life histories. Am J Phys Anthropol 114:192–214PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Goldstein SJ, Richard AF (1989) Ecology of rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) in northwest Pakistan. Int J Primatol 10:531–567CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Harvati K (2000) Dental eruption sequence among colobine primates. Am J Phys Anthropol 112:69–85PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Holman DJ, Jones RE (1998) Longitudinal analysis of deciduous tooth emergence: II. Parametric survival analysis in Bangladeshi, Guatemalan, Japanese, and Javanese children. Am J Phys Anthropol 105:209–230PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hurme V, Van Wagenen G (1961) Basic data on the emergence of permanent teeth in the rhesus monkey (Mucacu mulatta). Proc Am Philos Soc 105:105–140Google Scholar
  22. Hylander WL (1977) The adaptive significance of Eskimo craniofacial morphology. In: Dahlberg AA, Graber TM (eds) Orofacial growth and development. Mouton Publishers, The Hague, pp 129–169Google Scholar
  23. Hylander WL, Picq PG, Johnson KR (1991) Masticatory-stress hypotheses and the supraorbital region of primates. Am J Phys Anthropol 86:1–36PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Johnson SE (2003) Life history and the competitive environment: trajectories of growth, maturation, and reproductive output among Chacma baboons. Am J Phys Anthropol 120:83–98PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Jones D, Brace CL, Jankowiak W, Laland KN, Musselman LE, Langlois JH, Roggman LA, Pérusse D, Schweder B, Symons D (1995) Sexual selection, physical attractiveness, and facial neoteny: cross-cultural evidence and implications. Curr Anthropol 36:723–748CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Kelley J, Smith TM (2003) Age at first molar emergence in early Miocene Afropithecus turkanensis and life-history evolution in the Hominoidea. J Hum Evol 44:307–329PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Konigsberg LW, Frankenberg SR (2002) Deconstructing death in paleodemography. Am J Phys Anthropol 117:297–309PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Konigsberg LW, Herrmann NP, Wescott DJ (2002) Commentary on McBride et al. Bootstrap methods for sex determination from the os coxae using the ID3 algorithm. J Forensic Sci 47:424–426PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Kupczik K, Dobson CA, Crompton RH, Phillips R, Oxnard CE, Fagan MJ, O’Higgins P (2009) Masticatory loading and bone adaptation in the supraorbital torus of developing macaques. Am J Phys Anthropol 139:193–203PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Kuykendall KL, Conroy GC (1993) A cross-sectional radiographic study of dental development in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), and considerations for fossil hominid life history reconstruction. Am J Phys Anthropol Suppl 16:128–129Google Scholar
  31. Kuykendall KL, Mahoney CJ, Conroy GC (1992) Probit and survival analysis of tooth emergence ages in a mixed-longitudinal sample of the chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes). Am J Phys Anthropol 89:379–399PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Leigh SR, Shea BT (1995) Ontogeny and the evolution of adult body size dimorphism in apes. Am J Primatol 36:37–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Lieberman DE (2011) The evolution of the human head. Harvard University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  34. Lindberg DG (1971) The rhesus monkey in North India. An ecological and behavioral study. In: Rosenblum LA (ed) Primate behavior, vol 11(2). Academic Press, New York, pp 1–110Google Scholar
  35. Liversidge HM (2003) Variation in modern human dental development. In: Thompson JL, Krovitz GE, Nelson AJ (eds) Patterns of growth and development in the genus Homo. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 73–113Google Scholar
  36. Lutz CK, Novak MA (2005) Environmental enrichment for nonhuman primates: theory and application. ILAR J 46:178–191PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Malik I (1986) Time budgets and activity patterns in free-ranging rhesus monkeys. In: Else JG, Lee PC (eds) Primate ecology and conservation. Cambridge University Press, New York, pp 105–114Google Scholar
  38. Mann A (1988) The nature of Taung dental maturation. Nature 333:123PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Marriott BM (1988) Time budgets of rhesus monkeys in a forest habitat in Nepal and on Cayo Santiago. In: Fa JE, Southwick CH (eds) Ecology and behavior of food-enhanced promate groups. Alan R. Liss, New York, pp 125–149Google Scholar
  40. Marriott BM, Roemer J, Sultana C (1989) An overview of the food intake patterns of the Cayo Santiago rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta): report of a pilot study. P R Health Sci J 8:87–94PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Nargolwalla NC, Begun DR, Dean MC, Reid DJ, Kordos L (2005) Dental development and life history in Anapithecus hernyaki. J Hum Evol 49:99–121PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Nissen HW, Riesen AH (1964) The eruption of the permanent dentition of chimpanzee. Am J Phys Anthropol 22:285–294PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Nowak RM (1990) Walker’s mammals of the world, vol I, 5th edn. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore and LondonGoogle Scholar
  44. Nuzzolese E, Di Vella G (2008) Forensic dental investigations and age assessment of asylum seekers. Int Dent J 58:122–126PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Phillips-Conroy JE, Jolly CJ (1988) Dental eruption schedules of wild and captive baboons. Am J Primatol 15:17–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Plavcan JM (2001) Sexual dimorphism in primate evolution. Yrbk Phys Anthropol 44:25–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Rak Y (1983) The australopithecine face. Academic Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  48. Ravosa MJ (2007) Cranial ontogeny, diet and ecogeographic variation in African lorises. Am J Primatol 69:59–73PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Ravosa MJ, Johnson KR, Hylander WL (2000) Strain in the galago facial skull. J Morphol 245:51–66PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Rawlins RG, Kessler MJ, Turnquist JE (1984) Reproductive performance, population dynamics and anthropometrics of the free-ranging Cayo Santiago rhesus macaques. J Med Primatol 13:247–259PubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. Reid DJ, Schwartz GT, Dean C, Chandrasekera MS (1998) A histological reconstruction of dental development in the common chimpanzee, Pan troglodytes. J Hum Evol 35:427–448PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Relethford JH, Coelho AM, Lawrence WA (1982) Age estimation from dental eruption in infant and juvenile baboons (Papio sp.). Am J Primatol 2:205–209CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Ross CF, Berthaume MA, Dechow PC, Iriarte-Diaz J, Porro LB, Richmond BG, Spencer M, Strait D (2011) In vivo bone strain and finite-element modeling of the craniofacial haft in catarrhine primates. J Anat 218:112–141PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Schultz AH (1935) Eruption and decay of the permanent teeth in primates. Am J Phys Anthropol 19:489–581CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Schwartz GT, Reid DJ, Dean MC, Zihlman AL (2006) A faithful record of stressful life events preserved in the dental developmental record of a juvenile gorilla. Int J Primatol 22:837–860CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Seth PK, Seth S (1986) Ecology and behaviour of rhesus monkeys in India. In: Else JG, Lee PC (eds) Primate ecology and conservation. Cambridge University Press, New York, pp 89–103Google Scholar
  57. Smith BH (1989) Dental development as a measure of life history in primates. Evolution 43:683–688CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Smith BH (1994) Patterns of dental development in Homo, Australopithecus, Pan, and Gorilla. Am J Phys Anthropol 94:307–325PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Smith RJ, Jungers WL (1997) Body mass in comparative primatology. J Hum Evol 32:523–559PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Smith BH, Crummett TL, Brandt KL (1994) Ages of eruption of primate teeth: a compendium for aging individuals and comparing life histories. Yrbk Phys Anthropol 37:177–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Smith TM, Smith BH, Reid DJ, Siedel H, Vigilant L, Hublin JJ, Boesch C (2010) Dental development of the Taï forest chimpanzees revisited. J Hum Evol 58:363–373PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Spencer MA, Demes B (1993) Biomechanical analysis of masticatory system configuration in Neanderthal and Inuits. Am J Phys Anthropol 91:1–20PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Steadman DW, Adams BJ, Konigsberg LW (2006) Statistical basis for positive identification in forensic anthropology. Am J Phys Anthropol 131:15–26PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Strait DS, Weber GW, Neubauer S, Chalk J, Richmond BG, Lucas PW, Spencer MA, Schrein C, Dechow PC, Ross CF, Grosse IR, Wright BW, Constantino P, Wood BA, Lawn B, Hylander WL, Wang Q, Byron CD, Slice DE, Smith AL (2009) The feeding biomechanics and dietary ecology of Australopithecus africanus. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 106:2124–2129PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Swindler DR (2002) Primate dentition: an introduction to the teeth of non-human primates. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Teas J, Richie T, Taylor H, Southwick C (1980) Population patterns and behavioral ecology of rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) in Nepal. In: Lindburg DG (ed) The macaques studies in ecology, behavior and evolution. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York, pp 247–262Google Scholar
  67. Wang Q, Dechow PC (2006) Elastic properties of external cortical bone in the craniofacial skeleton of the rhesus macaque. Am J Phys Anthropol 131:402–415PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Wang Q, Strait DS, Dechow PC (2006a) A comparison of cortical elastic properties in the craniofacial skeletons of three primate species and its relevance to the study of human evolution. J Hum Evol 51:375–382PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Wang Q, Strait DS, Dechow PC (2006b) Fusion patterns of craniofacial sutures in rhesus monkey skulls of known age and sex from Cayo Santiago. Am J Phys Anthropol 131:469–485PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Wang Q, Dechow PC, Hens SM (2007) Ontogeny and diachronic changes in sexual dimorphism in the craniofacial skeleton of rhesus macaques from Cayo Santiago, Puerto Rico. J Hum Evol 53:350–361PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Wang Q, Dechow PC, Wright BW, Ross CF, Strait DS, Richmond BG, Spencer MA, Byron CD (2008) Surface strain on bone and sutures in a monkey facial skeleton: an in vitro method and its relevance to finite element analysis. In: Vinyard CJ, Ravosa MJ, Wall CE (eds) Primate craniofacial function and biology, Developments in primatology series. Springer, New York, pp 149–172CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Wang Q, Ashley DW, Dechow PC (2010a) Regional, ontogenetic, and sex-related variations in elastic properties of cortical bone in baboon mandibles. Am J Phys Anthropol 141:526–549PubMedGoogle Scholar
  73. Wang Q, Smith AL, Strait DS, Byron CD, Grosse IR, Wright BW (2010b) The global impact of sutures assessed in a finite element model of a macaque cranium. Anat Rec 293:1477–1491CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Wang Q, Wright BW, Smith A, Chalk J, Byron CD (2010c) Mechanical impact of incisor loading on the primate midfacial skeleton and its relevance to human evolution. Anat Rec 293:607–617CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Wright BW (2005) Craniodental biomechanics and dietary toughness in the genus Cebus. J Hum Evol 48:473–492PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Zihlman A, Bolter D, Boesch C (2004) Wild chimpanzee dentition and its implications for ­assessing life history in immature hominin fossils. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 101:10541–10543PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Zuckerman S (1928) Age-changes in the chimpanzee, with special reference to the growth of the brain, eruption of teeth, and estimation of age; with a note on the Taung ape. Proc Zool Soc Lond 1:1–42Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Basic Medical SciencesMercer University School of MedicineMaconUSA

Personalised recommendations