Management and Prevention of Diabetic Complications



Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease characterized by insulin resistance, impaired insulin secretion, and hyperglycemia. The long-term complications of diabetic retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy, and accelerated atherosclerosis lead to significant morbidity in the form of preventable blindness, end-stage renal disease (ESRD), limb amputations, and premature cardiovascular disease (CVD) [1]. Although patients with diabetes suffer from the morbidity of their microvascular complications, the majority of them ultimately die from the complications of macrovascular coronary artery disease (CAD).


Diabetic Retinopathy Impaired Glucose Tolerance Diabetes Prevention Program Metatarsal Head Impaired Insulin Secretion 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departments of Medicine, Endocrinology, and DiabetesVA San Diego Healthcare SystemSan DiegoUSA

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