Selenium pp 109-123 | Cite as

Selenoproteins and Selenoproteomes

Chapter

Abstract

Recent progress in high-throughput sequencing and analysis allowed efficient identification of selenocysteine-containing proteins in sequence databases, including full sets of selenoproteins in organisms, designated selenoproteomes. Information is currently available on selenoproteomes from all major model organisms as well as humans, which have 25 selenoprotein genes. This chapter gives an overview of selenoproteins at the level of individual proteins, protein families, and entire selenoproteomes. Comparative genomic analyses of selenoproteins offer exciting avenues for studying selenoprotein function and evolution, provide insights into the biological functions of the trace element selenium, and even allow addressing important biological questions unrelated to selenium.

Keywords

Codon Selenium Molybdenum Disulfide Methionine 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by National Institutes of Health grants.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Genetics, Department of MedicineBrigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA

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