Anesthesia and the Pediatric Oculoplastic Patient
Advances in the understanding of topical, local, and regional anesthetics have allowed ophthalmologists to transition rapidly from hospital-based surgery to ambulatory and office-based procedures. These advances, although often applicable in the pediatric population, are not easily generalized because “Children are not small adults.” When deciding whether to perform an office procedure, one needs to remember that efficacy and side-effect profile of anesthetics and analgesics drastically change in the pediatric versus the adult population. Furthermore, the ability to perform procedures on a child will be limited by their mental capacity and acceptance of their caretakers or parents.
KeywordsIodine Aspirin Respiration Cocaine Dexamethasone
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