Trauma and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among Youth in the Juvenile Justice System: A Critical Appraisal
In conclusion, the body of research reviewed makes an important contribution to our understanding of trauma among juvenile justice populations. Based on this review, we have offered a critical appraisal and recommendations for future empirical studies on trauma and PTSD among youth in the juvenile justice system. Continued research in this area is imperative for improving practices with this vulnerable population of youth who often are not only misunderstood, but misdiagnosed. The information garnered from research in this area can be used to inform the development or improvement of assessment and intervention efforts for this population. Future research in this area also can be used to develop reform policy and programming that strikes a balance in the justice system that addresses juveniles’ accountability for their offenses, but also treatment when they have been victims.
KeywordsPtsd Symptom Juvenile Justice Trauma Exposure Violence Exposure Juvenile Offender
- American Psychiatric Association (APA). (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-IV-TR. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.Google Scholar
- Arroyo, W. (2001). PTSD in children and adolescents in the juvenile justice system. In S. Eth (Ed.), PTSD in children and adolescents, review of psychiatry series (Vol. 20, pp. 59–86). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing.Google Scholar
- Briere, J. (1996). Trauma symptom checklist for children: Professional manual. Lutz: Psychological Assessment Resources.Google Scholar
- Ford, J. D., Chapman, J. F., Hawke, J., & Albert, D. B. (2007). Trauma among youth in the juvenile justice system critical issues and new directions. Retrieved May 9, 2009, from http://www.ncmhjj.com/pdfs/Trauma%5Fand%5FYouth.pdf.
- Kaufman, J., Birmaher, B., Brent, D., Rao, U., Flynn, C., Moreci, P., et al. (1997). Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children-Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL): Initial reliability and validity data. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 6(7), 980–988.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Putnam, F. W. (1997). Dissociation in children and adolescents. New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
- Puzzanchera, C. (2009). Juvenile arrests 2007. Juvenile Justice Bulletin, April, 1–12. Retrieved May 9, 2009, from http://ojjdp.ncjrs.org/.
- Rubin, A. (2008). Practitioner’s guide to using research for evidence-based practice. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
- Ruchkin, V., Schwab-Stone, M., Koposov, R., Vermeiron, R., & Steiner, H. (2007). Violence exposure, posttraumatic stress, and personality in juvenile delinquents. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 41, 332–339.Google Scholar
- Saxe, G. N., Ellis, B. H., & Kaplow, J. B. (2007). Collaborative treatment of traumatized children and teens. New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
- Sickmund, M., Sladky, T. J., & Kang, W. (2008) Census of juveniles in residential placement databook. Retrieved May 9, 2009, from http://www.ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/ojstatbb/cjrp/.
- Tavitian, M., Lubiner, J. L., Green, L., Grebstein, L. C., & Velicer, W. F. (1987). Dimensions of family functioning. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 2, 191–204.Google Scholar