Future Perspectives

Chapter

Abstract

Most oil crops have experienced an increase in their production higher than 20% from 1998 to 2008. The generation of new variability by the genetic transformation of elite cultivars with improved characteristics product of prolonged breeding strategies has been exploited in oil crops. The availability of molecular markers and public genetic databases, virtually in all the important oil crops, makes it possible to tackle a marker-assisted selection (MAS) approach routinely in many breeding programmes. An intensive work in QTL mapping of yield and quality traits in several oil crops, like Brassicas, soya bean, sunflower, oil palm and cotton, has been carried out. As a consequence, candidate genes associated with traits of interest have already been identified in Brassica juncea L. and sunflower. The integration of gene expression information and genotypes for different molecular markers to map expression QTLs (eQTLs) could lead to the identification of regulatory elements, enabling the modulation of genes responsible for agronomic traits of interest. Furthermore, the design of artificial miRNAs (amiRNAs) to target the inhibition of specific plant genes is already possible.

Keywords

Genetic transformation Molecular markers Marker-assisted ­selection QTL mapping Expression QTLs (eQTLs) Oil crops Artificial microRNAs (amiRNAs) 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto de Biología Molecular y Celular de Plantas (IBMCP)-CSICUniversidad Politécnica de Valencia, Ciudad Politécnica de la Innovación, Ingeniero Fausto ElioValenciaSpain

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