Diagnosis of Failed ACL Reconstruction

  • Moises Cohen
  • Gustavo Gonçalves Arliani
  • Diego Costa Astur
  • Camila Cohen Kaleka


The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a fundamental structure in the knee. There is consensus on the fact that the ACL does not heal properly after injury if left untreated, and surgical reconstruction is the standard treatment for athletes. With the increasing number of ACL reconstructions performed annually, there has been a subsequent increase in the number of revisions of this procedure. Various factors influence the success or failure of primary ACL reconstruction. Thus, the approach in ACL revision surgery should follow the same principles used in primary reconstruction. However, it is fundamental to identify the cause of the failure of the initial procedure during the preoperative period, allowing for detailed planning of the revision surgery.


Anterior Cruciate Ligament Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Revision Surgery Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury Femoral Tunnel 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Moises Cohen
    • 1
  • Gustavo Gonçalves Arliani
    • 1
  • Diego Costa Astur
    • 2
  • Camila Cohen Kaleka
    • 3
  1. 1.Departamento de Ortopedia e TraumatologiaUniversidade Federal de São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Orthopedic and TraumatologyEscola Paulista de Medicina/Universidade Federal de São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  3. 3.Department of Orthopaedic and TraumatologySanta Casa de São PauloSão PauloBrazil

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