The Different Functions of Norrin

  • Barbara M. Braunger
  • Ernst R. TammEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 723)


Norrin is a secreted protein which is encoded by the NDP gene mutated in Norrie disease. In the eye, the major site of Norrin expression is the Müller glia. Norrin activates the canonical Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway via specific binding to the frizzled (Fzd)4/low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (Lrp)5/6 receptor complex, and is part of an essential signaling system that controls the formation of retinal capillaries during development. Independent from its angiogenic function, Norrin has pronounced neuroprotective properties on retinal ganglion cells via activation of Wnt/β-Catenin signaling and subsequent induction of neurotrophic growth factors in Müller cells. In addition, there is evidence that the expression of Norrin in uterus and placenta is required for reproduction


Norrin Frizzled 4 Wnt/β-catenin signaling Angiogenesis Retinopathy of prematurity Neuroprotection Transgenic mice Norrie disease 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Human Anatomy and EmbryologyUniversity of RegensburgRegensburgGermany

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