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Subtribe Spiranthinae

  • Charles L. Argue
Chapter

Abstract

Breeding systems in Spiranthes are diverse. Taxa or populations within taxa can produce seed sexually or asexually or by a combination of sexual and asexual means. Mechanisms include insect pollination, autogamy, and agamospermy. A partial correlation is evident between ploidy level, mode of reproduction, and seed type. The primary pollinators of most sexual or facultatively sexual plants are medium sized to comparatively large, long-tongued bees. Smaller halictine bees are adapted to the pollination of S. lucida. Protandry, acropetaly, and pollinator foraging habits favor cross-pollination over geitonogamy in young flowers. Available data on the pollination of Dichromanthus, Deiregyne, Schiedeella, and Microthelys are discussed.

Keywords

Spiranthes Dichromanthus Deiregyne Schiedeella Microthelys Protandry and acropetaly Sexual and asexual species Polyembryonic seed Long- to short-tongued bees and hummingbirds 

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Biological SciencesUniversity of MinnesotaSaint PaulUSA

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