Careers in Academic Research

  • Sheng F. Cai
  • Rebecca L. Aft

Key Points

  • Research experiences can be beneficial for trainees and practicing physicians at all stages of their professional development.

  • Individuals seeking a research experience can obtain funding support from medical societies, federal and private grants, and from residency training programs.

  • The Medical Scientist Training Program is a combined degree M.D./Ph.D. program designed to fund and train physician-scientists. These physician-scientists are highly sought-after in academia, because they can fulfill roles in many professional areas, including basic science research, clinical research, teaching, and clinical medicine.


Residency Program Residency Training Fellowship Training Junior Faculty Combine Degree 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Additional Resources

  1. A general overview of Medical Scientist Training Programs provided by the National Institute of General Medical Sciences.
  2. A comprehensive list of M.D./Ph.D. training programs, including those funded independently of the NIH.
  3. Guidebook written by students for prospective M.D./Ph.D. students.
  4. American Physician Scientists Association.
  5. Research opportunities offered by the prestigious Howard Hughes Medical Institute.
  6. A list of research-track residency programs in internal medicine.
  7. Ley TJ, Rosenberg LE. The physician-scientist career pipeline in 2005: build it, and they will come. JAMA. 2005;294(11):1343–51. An excellent overview on trends and issues relevant to physician-scientist career development.Google Scholar
  8. A thorough list of competitive research grants that are awarded to residents and fellows. Many of these grants are provided by professional medical societies, such as the American Medical Association, the American Academy of Pediatrics, and surgical subspeciality societies.
  9. The AMA Foundation established the Seed Grant Research Program in 2000 to encourage medical students, physician residents and fellows to enter the research field. The program provides $2,500 grants to help them conduct small basic science, applied, or clinical research projects.
  10. The Doris Duke Charitable Foundation seeks to provide funding opportunities for medical students, junior faculty, and senior faculty to advance translational and clinical research.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Medical Scientist Training ProgramWashington University in St. Louis School of MedicineSunnysideUSA
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryWashington UniversitySt. LouisUSA

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