Most household survey data come from a single cross-section of households surveyed at a single point in time. This is useful if the purpose is to get a snapshot of income or poverty, and it does allow for a detailed analysis – for instance, of the proximate determinants of health or malnutrition or income. However, it is rarely possible to get an adequate appreciation of dynamic effects – how incomes in a household rise and fall, how households form and re-form – without panel data.
KeywordsPanel Data Random Effect European Community Household Panel Household Survey Data Economic Mobility
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