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Particle Deposition in the Human Respiratory Tract

  • Philip K. Hopke
  • Zuocheng Wang
Chapter

Abstract

Ambient airborne particles are now strongly linked with adverse health effects with stringent standards being set to protect public health particularly for smaller sized particles (particles with aerodynamic diameters less than 2.5 μm, PM2.5). However, as noted elsewhere in this volume, there are a variety of medicines and therapeutic agents that can be effectively delivered through aerosolization and deposition in the lungs. Thus, the details of particle deposition in the human respiratory tract are important to human health for both good or ill. Airborne particles can penetrate into various portions of the respiratory tract during inhalation with a small fraction depositing on the airway surfaces. In this way, various hazardous or beneficial materials can be introduced into the body. Particle deposition in human airways takes exposure to particles to deposited dose in specific locations in the body. It is vital to the effective administration of pharmaceutical aerosols by inhalation to be able to deliver the particles to targeted regions of the respiratory tract.

Keywords

Deposition Extra thorasic Thorasic Alveolar 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical & Biomolecular EngineeringClarkson UniversityPotsdamUSA
  2. 2.Center for Air Resources Engineering and ScienceClarkson UniversityPotsdamUSA

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