Behavioral Treatment of Headaches



Scientific research and headache literature suggest that psychological factors play a significant role in the maintenance, if not genesis, of primary headache disorders, as well as strongly influencing levels of functional disability. In patients with headache, there appears to be a reciprocal relationship between psychological variables and functional status, with each strongly influencing the other. This chapter deals with psychological variables affecting headache and their treatment, including stress, activity pacing, depression, anxiety, coping, trauma and abuse, and flare ups. Guidelines for behavioral treatment for patient and family are outlined, along with when and how to refer.


Behavioral headache treatment Headache stress Headache activity pacing Depression Anxiety Headache trauma Abuse 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Headache and PainNeurological Institute, Cleveland ClinicClevelandUSA
  2. 2.Interdisciplinary Method for Treatment of Chronic Headache (IMATCH), Department of Psychiatry & PsychologyCleveland ClinicClevelandUSA

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