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Helium Flow Measurement using Ultrasonic Technique

  • John H. Sondericker
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 29)

Abstract

While designing cryogenic instrumentation for the Colliding Beam Accelerator (CBA) helium distribution system it became clear that accurate measurement of mass flow of helium which varied in temperature from room to sub-cooled conditions would be difficult. Full scale differential pressure signals from conventional venturi flow meters would decrease by more than an order of magnitude during cooldown causing unacceptable errors at operating temperature. At sub-cooled temperatures, helium would be pumped around cooling loops by an efficient, low head pressure circulating compressor. Additional pressure drop meant more pump work would be necessary to compress the fluid resulting in a higher outlet temperature. The ideal mass flowmeter for this application was one which did not add pressure drop to the system, functioned over the entire temperature range, has high resolution and delivers accurate mass flow measurement data. Ultrasonic flow measurement techniques used successfully by the process industry seemed to meet all the necessary requirements.

Keywords

Mass Flow Ultrasonic Transducer Ultrasonic Technique Additional Pressure Drop High Outlet Temperature 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    L.C. Lynworth, Generation and propagation of pulses in single path contrapropagating flowmeters, Trans. Inst. of Measurement & Control, 4:2 (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    A.P. Werner, D.P. Brown and W.J. Schneider, Heat load measure- ment of prototype cryogenic magnets and leads for the ISABELLE project, in: “Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Vol. 27,” Plenum Press, New York (1982).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • John H. Sondericker
    • 1
  1. 1.Brookhaven National LaboratoryUptonUSA

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