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Bioaccumulation and Toxicology of Chromium: Implications for Wildlife

  • P. M. Outridge
  • A. M. Scheuhammer
Part of the Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology book series (RECT, volume 130)

Abstract

Ore deposits containing chromium are heavily exploited for use in a variety of industrial processes. South Africa, the USSR, the Philippines, and Zimbabwe are the main producers of chromite ore (Ellis 1986). Annual world production of chromite is approximately 7 × 106 tons, roughly three orders of magnitude greater than natural rates of environmental mobilization (Eisler 1986). The largest users of Cr are the metallurgical and chemical industries (Langard and Norseth 1979). Most Cr for metallurgical purposes is used in stainless steel production and electroplating, whereas the chemical industry produces Cr compounds for incorporation into a diverse array of products including paint pigments, catalysts, wood preservatives, and tanning agents.

Keywords

Sewage Sludge Hexavalent Chromium Salt Gland Chromium Trioxide Sodium Chromate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. M. Outridge
    • 1
  • A. M. Scheuhammer
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Canadian Wildlife ServiceEnvironment CanadaHullCanada

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