Pesticide Effects on Soil Algae and Cyanobacteria

Part of the Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology book series (RECT, volume 127)


Despite increasing research efforts toward crop improvement by methods obviating the use of pesticides (Day 1987), agriculture remains heavily dependent on these chemicals (Gadkari 1988; Greaves et al. 1988). The importance of monitoring the effect of pesticides on nontarget organisms has been emphasized (Hill and Wright 1978). Among those nontarget organisms potentially susceptible to pesticides are the soil algae and cyanobacteria; these are known to contribute to the maintenance of soil fertility and are consequently considered to be an important component of soil microflora (McCann and Cullimore 1979). It is therefore imperative that regular monitoring be undertaken to evaluate the influence of pesticides on these organisms. A review of published work on this subject appeared in 1979 (McCann and Cullimore). Although other more recent reviews on related topics have been published (Lal and Saxena 1980; MacRae 1989; Padhy 1985; Sharma 1986; Stratton 1987), studies on the precise topic of pesticide effects on soil algae and cyanobacteria have not been reviewed since 1979. The present article aims to do this. The uptake, accumulation, and metabolism of pesticides by soil algae and cyanobacteria are not addressed in this review.


Nitrogen Fixation Paddy Field Test Organism Simulated Acid Rain Soil Alga 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental SciencesLakeland CollegeVermilionCanada

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