At about the same time, John Flavell (1971) introduced the term metamemory for knowledge about memory processes and contents and gave it special status in his taxonomy of memory phenomena (Flavell & Wellman, 1977). There was great expansion of metamemory theory in the ensuing decade.
Why not start looking for ways of experimentally studying and incorporating into theories and models of memory one of the truly unique characteristics of human memory: its knowledge of its own knowledge ... We cannot help but feel that if there is ever going to be a genuine breakthrough in the psychological study of memory ... it will, among other things, relate the knowledge stored in the individual’s memory to his knowledge of that knowledge (p. 477).
KeywordsMemory Task Memory Performance Memory Span Organizational Strategy Metacognitive Knowledge
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