Introduction: Pandora’s Legacy
Over three decades ago, during the height of the cold war, Menninger (1959) posed the question: “Are we not duty bound to speak up as scientists, not about a new rocket or a new fuel or a new bomb or a new gas, but about this ancient but rediscovered truth, the validity of Hope in human development” (p. 491). Not in response to Menninger’s exhortation, but reflecting the salutary effects of hope in a variety of challenging contexts, especially recovery from illness, references to hope are now frequent in medical and psychological writings (e.g., Breznitz, 1986; Frank, 1973; Friedman, Chodoff, Mason, & Hamburg, 1963; Gottschalk, 1974; Spence, Scarborough, & Ginsberg, 1978; Snyder, 1989). The references are, however, scattered, and systematic analyses have been few (cf. Fromm, 1968; Lynch, 1965; Stotland, 1969).
KeywordsMetaphor Folk Hate
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