Training the Future Spinal Surgeon

  • John P. Kostuik
Conference paper
Part of the Contemporary Perspectives in Neurosurgery book series (COPENEU)


This past decade has seen an explosion in the need for spinal surgeons. It is currently estimated that there is a growth in the field of spinal disability of approximately 10% a year. The incidence of spinal surgery has paralleled this growth of disability. Currently there are approximately 325,000 spinal procedures done per year in the United States. There are numerous geographic variations, with twice the amount of surgery being done on the West Coast as on the East Coast, and even within certain counties there are differences. This has been borne out in small group analysis studies. There have been no specific answers to why this growth has occurred. The problems and answers lie within the realm of economics, Spinal pain that occurs in the course of employment is considered disability under workers’ compensation acts throughout the industrialized world. It is estimated that by the year 2010 disability from low back pain could bankrupt the country of Sweden. This suggests that the answer to this problem may be to take pain and disability as a result of back problems out of workers’ compensation and replace them within the disabilities not encountered in the workplace.


Spinal Surgery Residency Program Spinal Surgeon Back Problem Cervical Spine Surgery 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • John P. Kostuik

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations