Familial Exudative Vitreoretinopathy
Criswick and Schepens coined the name familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR) in 1969. The condition appears to have various ways of expressing itself. Usually the eye demonstrates temporal dragging of the retina, producing a loss of acuity over several weeks. Many cases have sub-retinal exudates, and a fluorescein angiogram can document the extensive peripheral nonperfusion present in almost 90% of the eyes. Other retinal signs are detachments, peripheral cystoid degeneration, neovascularization, and vitreous bands. FEVR is inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion with a high degree of penetrance. There are many mild forms, and an individual may have a mild form in one eye and a severe form in the fellow eye. Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) should be ruled out before FEVR is considered. Often the severe form of FEVR resembles Stage V ROP. More than 80% of patients have myopia. Color vision and electrophysiological testing tends to be normal. The entire family should be examined when a child presents with a picture of FEVR. Treatment is aimed towards the specific problems, such as photocoagulation or cryopexy of neovascular lesions. Histopathology demonstrates neovascularization (retinal and iris) fibrovascular membranes and exudates.
KeywordsRetina Fluorescein Tempo Myopia
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