Age Differences in Perceptual Processing and Memory for Spoken Language

  • Arthur Wingfield
  • Elizabeth A. L. Stine

Abstract

Successful memory depends in large measure on the quality of initial stimulus encoding. It is for this reason that the cognitive aging literature has looked to age-related differences in acquisition processes and internal organization as important sources of decreased memory performance in normal aging (Rankin, Karol, & Tuten, 1984; Smith, 1980). These effects have in turn been attributed to presumed differences in working memory or general processing capacity (Craik & McDowd, 1987; Stine & Wing- field, 1987) and to age-sensitive declines in the rate at which new information can be processed (Salthouse, 1985). Less attention has been given to the distinction between cognitive “capacity” versus cognitive “effort” in memory aging, but we predict this to change in future years (cf. Mitchell & Hunt, 1989).

Keywords

Dust Dementia Coherence Hunt Editing 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arthur Wingfield
  • Elizabeth A. L. Stine

There are no affiliations available

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