Smokeless Tobacco

  • James A. Cocores


Cigarettes are a very recent invention when compared to the long history of smokeless tobacco. Before the advent of cigarettes, snuff ravaged entire towns and nations. Even European aristocracy was not exempted. Cigarettes, by virtue of their convenience and relatively “clean” delivery rapidly replaced the disgusting habits of tobacco snuff and chew.


Nicotine Dependence Smokeless Tobacco Gingival Recession Chewing Tobacco Smokeless Tobacco User 
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© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1991

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  • James A. Cocores

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