The Uterus pp 155-162 | Cite as

Endometrial Sampling Techniques

  • Frederick FriedmanJr.
  • Michael L. Brodman
Part of the Clinical Perspectives in Obstetrics and Gynecology book series (CPOG)

Abstract

Abnormal uterine bleeding is one of the most frequent presenting gynecologic complaints. The relative accessibility of the uterine lining via a transcervical route makes it an ideal organ in which to diagnose pathology. Such sampling usually enables the gynecologist to determine the etiology of the bleeding—whether neoplastic, structural, or hormonal in origin.

Keywords

Estrogen Adenocarcinoma Tuberculosis Oncol Sponge 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Grimes DA: Diagnostic dilation and curettage: a reappraisal. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1982;142:1–6.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Sims JM: Clinical Notes on Uterine Surgery with Special Reference to The Management of the Sterile Condition. New York, Samuel and William Wood, 1858.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Speert H: Obstetric and Gynecologic Milestones. New York, The Macmillan Co, 1958.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hitschmann F, Adler L: Der Bau der Uterusschleimhaut des geschlechtsreifen Weibes besonderer Berücksichtigung der menstruation. Monatsschr Geburt Gynäkol 1908;27:1–82.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bell WB: Principles of Gynaecology. London, Longmans, Green and Co, 1910.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kelly HA: Curettage without anesthesia on the office table. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1925;9:78.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cohen CJ, Gusberg SB, Koffler D: Histologic screening for endometrial cancer. Gynecol Oncol 1974;2:279–286.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Novak E: A suction curette apparatus for endometrial biopsy. JAMA 1935;104:1497.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Randall LM: Endometrial biopsy. Proc Staff Meet Mayo Clin 1935;10:143.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Chatfield WR, Watson AA: Diagnosis of intrauterine disease by sponge biopsy technique. Lancet 1970;1:21.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Palmer JP, Kneer WJ, Eccleston HH: Endometrial biopsy—comparison of aspiration curettage with conventional dilatation and curettage. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1950;60:671.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Jensen JA, Jensen JG: Abragio mucosae uteri e aspiratione. Ugeskr Laeger 1968;130:2124.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Lutz MH, Underwood PB Jr, Kreutner A, et al: Vacuum aspiration: an efficient outpatient screening technique for endometrial disease. South Med J 1977;70:393–395.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Saunders P, Rowland R: Vacuum curettage of the uterus without anaesthesia: a comparison with conventional curettage. J Obstet Gynaecol Br Commonw 1972;79:168–174.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Barnett JM: Suction curettage on unanesthetized outpatients. Obstet Gynecol 1973;42:672–674.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Webb MJ, Gaffey TA: Outpatient diagnostic aspiration curettage. Obstet Gynecol 1976;47:239–242.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Alberico S, Elia A, Dal-Corso L, et al: Diagnostic validity of the Vabra curettage. Compared study on 172 patients who underwent Vabra curettage and the fractional curettage of the uterine cavity. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol 1986;7:135–138.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Walters D, Robinson D, Park RC, et al: Diagnostic outpatient aspiration curettage. Obsete Gynecol 1975;46:160–164.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Hill GA, Herbert CM III, Parker RA, et al: Comparison of late luteal phase endometrial biopsies using the Novak curette or Pipelle endometrial suction curette. Obstet Gynecol 1989;73:443–445.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kaunitz AM, Masciello A, Ostrowski M, et al: Comparison of endometrial biopsy with the endometrial Pipelle and Vabra aspirator. J Reprod Med 1988;33:427–431.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Check JH, Chase JS, Nowroozi K, et al: Clinical evaluation of the Pipelle endometrial suction curette for timed endometrial biopsies. J Reprod Med 1989;34:218–220.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Henig I, Chan P, Tredway DR, et al: Evaluation of the Pipelle curette for endometrial biopsy. J Reprod Med 1989;34:786–789.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Mishell Jr DR: Abnormal uterine bleeding, in Droegenmueller W, Herbst AL, Mishell Jr DR, et al (eds): Comprehensive Gynecology. St. Louis, CV Mosby Company, 1987, pp 953–964.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Haynes PJ, Hodgson H, Anderson ABM, et al: Measurement of menstrual blood loss in patients complaining of menorrhagia. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1977;84:763–766.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Deligdisch L, Holinka CF: Endometrial carcinoma: two diseases? Cancer Detection and Prevention 1987;10:237–246.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Sutton GP, Geisler HE, Stehman FB, et al: Features associated with survival and disease-free survival in early endometrial cancer. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1989;160:1385–1393.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Connelly PJ, Alberhasky RC, Christopherson WM: Carcinoma of the endometrium III. Analysis of 865 cases of adenocarcinoma and adenoacanthoma. Obstet Gynecol 1982;59:569–575.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Stovall TG, Solomon SK, Ling FW: Endometrial sampling prior to hysterectomy. Obstet Gynecol 1989;73:405–409.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Whitehead MI: Prevention of endometrial abnormalities. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand [Suppl] 1986;134:81–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Weiss NS, Szekely R, Austin DF: Increasing incidence of endometrial cancer in the United States. N Engl J Med 1976;294:1259–1262.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Shapiro S, Kelly JP, Rosenberg L, et al: Risk of localized and widespread endometrial cancer in relation to recent and discontinued use of conjugated estrogens. N Engl J Med 1985;313:969–972.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Koss LG, Schreiber K, Oberlander SG, Moussouris SG, et al: Detection of endometrial carcinoma and hyperplasia in asymptomatic women. Obstet Gynecol 1984;64:1–11.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Padwick ML, Pryse-Davies J, Whitehead MI: A simple method for determining the optimal dosage of progestin in postmenopausal women receiving estrogens. N Engl J Med 1986;315:930–934.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Ettinger B: Optimal use of postmenopausal hormone replacement. Obstet Gynecol 1988;72(suppl):31–36.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Rosenfeld DL, Chodow S, Bronson RA: Diagnosis of luteal phase inadequacy. Obstet Gynecol 1980;56:193–196.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Jones GS: Some newer aspects of the management of infertility. JAMA 1949;141:1123–1129.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Witten BI, Martin SA: The endometrial biopsy as a guide to the management of luteal phase defect. Fertil Steril 1985;44:460–465.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Honore LH, Cumming DC, Fahmy N: Significant difference in the frequency of out-of-phase endometrial biopsies depending on the use of the Novak curette or the flexible polypropylene endometrial biopsy cannula (‘Pipelle’). Gynecol Obstet Invest 1988;26:338–340.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Balasch J, Vanrell JA, Creus M, et al: The endometrial biopsy for diagnosis of luteal phase deficiency. Fertil Steril 1985;44:699–701.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Kurman RJ, Mazur MT: Benign diseases of the endometrium, in Kurman RJ (ed): Blaustein’s Pathology of the Female Genital Tract, ed 3. New York, Springer-Verlag, 1987, p 297.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Martens MG, Faro S, Hammill HA, et al: Transcervical uterine cultures with a new endometrial suction curette: a comparison of three sampling methods in postpartum endometritis. Obstet Gynecol 1989;74:273–276.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Paavonen J, Aine R, Teisala K, et al: Comparison of endometrial biopsy and peritoneal fluid cytologic testing with laparoscopy in the diagnosis of acute pelvic inflammatory disease. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1985;151:645–650.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Walton SM, Macphail S: The value of hysteroscopy in postmenopausal and perimenopausal uterine bleeding. J Obstet Gynaecol 1988;8:332–336.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Mencaglia L, Perino A, Hamou J: Hysteroscopy in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women with abnormal uterine bleeding. J Reprod Med 1987;32:577–582.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Mackenzie IZ, Bibby JG: Critical assessment of dilatation and curettage in 1029 women. Lancet 1987;2:566.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    McElin TW, Bird CC, Reeves BD, et al: Diagnostic dilatation and curettage. Obstet Gynecol 1969;33:807.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Livengood CH III, Land MR, Addison WA: Endometrial biopsy, bacteremia, and endocarditis risk. Obstet Gynecol 1985;65:678–681.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frederick FriedmanJr.
  • Michael L. Brodman

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations