Simulation Studies of Musculo-Skeletal Dynamics in Cycling and Sitting on a Chair

  • Hoo Dennis Ong
  • Hooshang Hemami
  • Sheldon Simon


In the past few years, a great deal of research has been devoted to the understanding of the control machinery of the central nervous system (Bizzi et al., 1982; Chow and Jacobson, 1981; Golliday and Hemami, 1976; Hatze, 1976; Hogan, 1984; Nashner and McCollum, 1985; Ong et al., 1989). Part of the motivation for this research is to apply the knowledge gained to the design of user-specific functional electrical stimulation (FES) systems enabling paraplegics to regain mobility (Bajd et al., 1982; McNeal and Reswick, 1976). The feedback controller thus developed can automatically and autonomously regulate the body position and program its propulsion.


Reference Position Functional Electrical Stimulation Position Feedback Muscular Force Velocity Feedback 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hoo Dennis Ong
  • Hooshang Hemami
  • Sheldon Simon

There are no affiliations available

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