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Nonlinear Damping of Limb Motion

  • Chi-haur Wu
  • James C. Houk
  • Kuu-Young Young
  • Lee E. Miller

Abstract

The muscle-reflex mechanisms form a feedback system called the motor servo (Houk and Rymer, 1981; Gielen and Houk, 1987), which consists of a muscle, its spindle receptors, and the corresponding reflex pathways back to the muscle. This neuromuscular system mediates the stretch and unloading reflex of the muscle by the feedback. Motivated by a desire to understand the capabilities of biological arms, many researchers have studied limb movements (Asatryan and Feldman, 1965; Feldman, 1966; Freund and Budingen, 1978; Gottlieb et al., 1989a,b; Hasan, 1983,, 1985,, 1986; Hogan, 1984a,b; Polit and Bizzi, 1979; Stein, 1982) and findings have been applied to arm control and task planning (Atkeson and Hollerbach, 1985; Bizzi et al., 1978,, 1982,, 1984; Flash, 1987; Flash and Hogan, 1985; Hogan, 1985; Hollerbach, 1982; Hollerbach and Flash, 1982; Mussa-Ivaldi et al., 1985,, 1988; Uno et al., 1989).

Keywords

Product Model Motor Servo Neuromuscular System Step Force Step Disturbance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag, New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chi-haur Wu
  • James C. Houk
  • Kuu-Young Young
  • Lee E. Miller

There are no affiliations available

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