Water-Use Efficiency

  • B. A. Stewart
  • J. L. Steiner
Part of the Advances in Soil Science book series (SOIL, volume 13)

Abstract

Dryland farming is a rainfed crop production system in which the major limitation is a deficiency of water. Therefore, a major focus of dryland cropping systems is increasing efficiency of water use. Relatively few, but very important, principles underlie the farming practices that can lead to efficient water use. A maximum proportion of available water should be used for transpiration with minimum losses to evaporation, drainage, and runoff. Basically, that involves maintaining soil characteristics favorable to rapid infiltration of precipitation and retaining the water in the soil profile, cropping at a time and with a rooting intensity appropriate to use both seasonal precipitation and stored soil water, and establishing and extending a crop canopy as long as practical to minimize evaporation.

Keywords

Biomass Clay Toxicity Dioxide Maize 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. A. Stewart
  • J. L. Steiner

There are no affiliations available

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